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12/13/18: Now reformatting all HTML files and forwarding links to new website at preteristarchive.com 


All of the latest site updates can now be found here:





  • 2001: Edward Babinski, The Lowdown on God’s Showdown – Many evangelical Christians tremble with excitement at the thought that they are the “last generation” and “Jesus is due to return soon.” Others are less excitable and propose that Jesus’ “return” might still be far off. Neither view appears to be correct judging by the plain words of the New Testament – words that armies of theologians have spent centuries trying to divide up and “conquer,” or in this case, “explain away.” Let’s examine some of those words to discover exactly what it is about them that requires mountains of ingenious explanations from Dispensationalists, Preterists, and other varieties of evangelical Christian apologists.
  • 2006: Robert Reymond, Who Really Owns the “Holy Land”? A Reformed Response to Dispensationalism – all of God’s land promises to Israel in the Old Testament are to be viewed in terms of shadow, type, and prophecy, in contrast to the reality, substance, and fulfillment of which the New Testament speaks.
  • 2011: David J. Hawkin – Albert Schweitzer and the Interpretation of the New Testament (PDF) “What Jesus had proclaimed had not happened. But in the face of failure Jesus did not abandon his eschatological hopes, but rather rethought his mission, and came to the conclusion that he himself must inaugurate the Kingdom by setting in motion the final messianic tribulations.”
  • 2016: Andrew Perriman, Two unconventional ways of thinking about the delay of the parousia – The problem is not that the “end” that Jesus had in view has been delayed. If the end was a a war against Rome, there is nothing implausible about his prediction that the present generation of rebellious Israel would not pass away until all these things take place
  • 2018: Alina-Roxana Lupu, The Time of the Second Coming and the Sanhedrin – The aspects related to the time of the Second Coming of Jesus were a constant concern of the believers and Bible’s scholars. There are many challenging verses in the Scripture that are talking about the Parousia in temporal terms. This present study was to determine to what extend Jesus’ answer before the Sanhedrin (Matt 26:64) was related to the time of the Parousia and with that generation of his accusers

“when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation is at hand.”

MAY 2, AD66

R. Alexandri said that R. Joshua bar Levi combined the two paradoxical passages; the one that says. ‘Behold, one like the Son of Man came with the clouds of heaven’ (Daniel 7:13) [showing Messiah’s glory] and the other verse that says, ‘poor and riding upon a donkey’ (Zechariah 9:9) [showing Messiah’s humility]. He explained it in this manner: If they are worthy, He will come ‘with the clouds of heaven;’ if they are unworthy He will come ‘poor and riding upon a donkey.’ (cf. Sanhedrin 98a)



Source: The Last Days According to Jesus, R.C. Sproul

The Judgment on Jerusalem According to History

Heavenly phenomena – A star resembling a sword
– A comet (Halley’s Comet)
– A bright light shining around the altar and the temple
– A vision of chariots and soldiers running around among the clouds and all cities of Palestine.
Earthly phenomena
(reported by priests)
– A quaking
– A great noise
– The sounds of a great multitude saying, “Let us remove hence.”


  • 1955: Cecil J. Lowry, Wither Israeli?  Mosaic Restorationism Examined – The size of this book forbids a through discussion of the restoration theory or a consideration of many of the Scriptures they offer from both Testaments in support of their theory. I have confined myself, more or less, to an interpretation of the parable of the fig tree.
  • 1963: William E. Cox, An Examination of Dispensationalism, with “Why I Left Scofieldism” – the Scofield Reference Bible were looked on as being the final authority in any theological discussion. It was only after much doubt and searching of the Scriptures that I was constrained to leave such a fascinating school of interpretation.
  • 1978: R.B. Yerby, The Once and Future Israel – That is the only remaining fulfillment of the Old Testament prophecies that refer to a restoration to the land. History records that the natural fulfillment of such prophecies took place thousands of years ago (see chapter 11). But the spiritual fulfillment occurs time and again, down through the centuries, as God’s people are delivered from one kind of spiritual Babylon after another.
  • 1984-1994: Canfield-Weston, Five Articles on C.I. Scofield’s Life and Works – The most reasonable interpretation of the work of Scofield is that it is neither honest nor valid. As such, it should have the whistle blown, for it is properly outside the line of valid Christianity.
  • 1988: J.M. Canfield, The Incredible Scofield and His Book
  • 1998: J.M. Canfield, Neither City Nor Land Are Holy! – The “peeling of the Jews off the carpet” by Paul in Rome (Acts 28: 25-28) unmistakably declares the obsolescence of the old system and points to the fiery demise of the city (Jerusalem) in A. D. 70.
  • 2010:  Alistair W. Donaldson, The Last Days of Dispensationalism: A Scholarly Critique of Popular Misconceptions – How we understand God’s future purposes for the world must shape, to a significant degree, how Christians live life in the present. The decades since the publication of Hal Lindsey’s, The Late Great Planet Earth, have seen a great deal of “end-times” speculation. Signs of the end-time apocalypse occurring soon have been heralded across our radios, televisions, the internet, and through written forms of media, urging people to either be ready for the rapture or be left behind to endure the horrific suffering of the tribulation as God’s end-time program unfolds. Is this really what the Bible teaches about the purposes of the God of whom our Bible declares “so loved the world” that he gave his only son in order that all things be reconciled. The Last Days of Dispensationalism carefully examines this popular understanding known to us as dispensationalism and urges us to think again and to see within the Bible’s grand salvation narrative and in the person of Jesus Christ a better message of redemptive hope for the future and a greater sense of meaning and purpose for the present.
  • 2014: Steve Sabz: Armies of Angels in the Clouds – The Old Testament’s description of the Lord’s angelic forces is eerily similar to that of Josephus’ and Tacitus’ account of what happened in 66 AD
  • 2016: Kermit Zarley, Tom Wright’s Faulty Eschatology – Tom can be pretty harsh against those who adhere to the traditional view of the second coming of Christ, as I do, that it means in the yet future Jesus will literally appear in the sky on clouds
  • 2017: Kermit Zarley, Did Jesus Wrongly Predict He Would Return within a Generation? – That abomination of desolation is probably an idol. It certainly did not happen during the subsequent forty years until the temple was destroyed in A.D. 70. Since Jerusalem has never had a temple since then, this prophecy has remained unfulfilled to this day.
  • 2017: Religion News, Not all evangelicals are seeking Armageddon



  • 1992: Anthony Buzzard, The Markan Apocalypse – The Core of the Christian Message (With PDF) – Insofar as this sort of view has prevailed, the historical Jesus has been suppressed and the wisdom of man has been substituted for the wisdom of the Master. The process by which the apocalyptic framework of the New Testament was lost is not difficult to trace. Under the influence of Hellenism: The corporate element in the Christian Hope, which is central in the New Testament, soon suffered eclipse, although it was still retained as part of the Christian creed. . . . Interest was transferred to the fate of the individual after death

Added to Fulfilled Eschatology Bibliography, Listed by Century:

  • 1646: Thomas Brown, Pseudodoxia Epidemica – Againe, they were mistaken in the Emphaticall apprehension, placing the consideration upon the words, If I will, whereas it properly lay in these, when I come: which had they apprehended as some have since, that is, not for his ultimate and last returne, but his comming in judgement and destruction upon the Jewes; or such a comming as it might be said, that that generation should not passe before it was fulfilled: they needed not, much lesse need we suppose such diuturnity; for after the death of Peter, John lived to behold the same fulfilled by Vespasian: nor had he then his nunc dimittis, or went out like unto Simeon; but old in accomplisht obscurities, and having seen the expire of Daniels prediction, as some conceive, he accomplished his Revelation.
  • 2002: Anthony F. Buzzard, The Coming Kingdom of the Messiah: A Solution to the Riddle of the New Testament – There is an impressive agreement among New Testament scholars that the Kingdom of God was the principal theme of all that Jesus taught. What Jesus meant by the Kingdom, however, remains a puzzle both to commentators and Bible readers. Since the Kingdom of God is the heart of the Christian Gospel, any uncertainty about Jesus’ core concept will mean that the whole issue of salvation is obscured. Readers of the Bible are often unsympathetic to Jesus’ Jewish Messianic outlook. His claim was to be the Messiah, a highly charged political title meaning that he believed his destiny was to rule the world from Jerusalem, bringing peace and order to the whole of mankind in a renewed earth. New Testament Christianity thus presents the only realistic hope for the resolution of the world’s chaotic condition. Anthony Buzzard contends that contemporary preaching reflects a longstanding and confusing tradition of ignoring the saving Gospel of the Kingdom as preached first by Jesus and then by the Apostles. In church circles Jesus’ death and resurrection have been wrongly presented, with an appeal to isolated verses in Paul, as the entire Gospel. But this is to overlook the obvious fact that there are thirty chapters of Gospel preaching in Matthew, Mark and Luke in which the death and resurrection of Jesus are not even mentioned. Something is seriously awry with a “Gospel” which fails to include the Kingdom of God as its central element. The results of a “gutted” Gospel are apparent in the currently fragmented and weakened church. Jesus shared with the prophets of Israel the vision of a coming new era of peace for all mankind. As Messiah appointed by the One God of Israel he confidently expected to return to the earth, overthrow his enemies and govern the world.
  • 2005: George Wesley Buchanan, The Book of Revelation – Its Introduction and Prophecy – Those who wrote books like Revelation did not expect either the world or time to come to an end. They made prophecies on the basis of fulfillment of Scripture, the patterns of cycles, typology, and other standard doctrines. Typology is the study of the relationships of similar patterns. There was a type and an antitype. If the comparison was heavenly and earthly things, then the type was in heaven and the earthly object, person, or system on earth was the antitype. Ancient made prophecies on the bases of these typologies.














  • 1999: J. Nelson Kraybill in Christianity Today, Apocalypse Now – Added “Apocalyptic Palette” and Letters to the Editor
  • 2018: Ovid Need, May 2018 – The Biblical Examiner (PDF) Warning: This issue is about as anti PC as any issue in the past, but I believe you will find it historically and Biblically accurate. Hence, the lengthy Introduction. I am sure many will disagree with what history tells us, but that is up to them. (Ph 3:15)

What is presented is the result of a lot of research for an upcoming book, “Judaeo-Churchianity.” Though I have not completed my research, there is enough to start writing about.  My goal is to have the book finished before September.

Introduction…1 ; The Talmud…2 ; The Magicians/ 2 Timothy 3…3 ; Closing definitions…10 ; A Con for a Con-Con…11 ; Recipe For Growing the Kingdom…12 ; Yahweh…14 ; I Will Be a God to Thy Seed After Thee…18 ; Screen Time…19 ; Brain Images Explain Why Kids Are Moody, Impulsive & Can’t Pay Attention…19 ; Personal…21 ; Study Shows More Time With Mom Helps Her Live Longer…22 ; Low-Tech Teaching with High-Tech Results…23

Please remember us in your prayers.
By His Sovereign Grace Alone,
Bro Need



  • Eusebius of Caesarea Study Archive – When, then, we see what was of old foretold for the nations fulfilled in our day, and when the lamentation and wailing that was predicted for the Jews, and the burning of the Temple and its utter desolation, can also be seen even now to have occurred according to the prediction, surely we must also agree that the King who was prophesied, the Christ of God, has come, since the signs of His coming have been shewn in each instance I have treated to have been clearly fulfilled.
  • 2003: Gary DeMar“Shreds of Preterism” Among First-Century Writers – The earliest historical sources, the Didache, 1 Clement, and the testimony of James, the brother of Jesus, demonstrate that preterism’s history is a first-century history.
  • 2016 Video: Daniel 11:36-45 – Faulty Forecast, Future Finale or Focal Flip – An entertaining and startling new perspective on this often criticized portion of biblical prophecy. Far from being a major prophetic blunder, new biblical evidence is presented in defense of its phenomenal ancient fulfillment. Additional justification for the research of Dr. Robert J.M. Gurney and his book “God In Control”. A non-traditional yet fascinating investigation into this mysterious and controversial section of the prophecy regarding the Kings of the North and South.
  • 2018: Paul Wyns, Pattern Recognition in the Apocalypse – PDF Files



  • 2013: Steve GreggRevelation: Four Views – A Parallel Commentary– Added Preface to the Revised & Updated Edition – The viewpoint that appears in the fourth column of the main body of the work is rightly called the Idealist.  I was aware of this, when writing in 1997, but I did not find many authors referring to their view by this name, even when it was their view.  I assumed that they may not have preferred this label for their position, and I sought for an alternative name from their writings.  Though authors taking this position floated a variety of possible labels (e.g., the philosophy of history view), there was none among them of which all seemed to approve.  At that time, I decided to create a generic name for the viewpoint, and I settled upon the label spiritual.  The ink was no sooner dry on the first copies of the book than I regretted the decision.  Idealist is clearly the most widely recognized name for this view, and it is so named in this edition.




  • 1764: Nathaniel Lardner, Of the Argument for the Truth of Christianity, arising from the fulfillment of our Saviour’s predictions concerning the destruction of the Temple and the City of Jerusalem, 1791 Ed. (PDF)| 1829 (PDF) “The Argument is taken from the history of the destruction of Jerusalem as related by Josephus, compared with our Saviour’s prediction of that event, which has always been considered as one of the strongest which can be urged either against the Jews in particular, or against Unbelievers in general. In modern times this Argument has been illustrated by Jackson in the 1st volume of his works, 1673; by Tillotson, in the 12th vol. of his Sermons; by Kidder, in his Demonstration of the Messiah; by Whitby, in his Commentary on St. Matthew, and in his General Preface; by Sharpe, in the Rise and Fall of the Holy City and Temple of Jerusalem -, and by Dr. Jortin in the 1st vol. of his Remarks on Ecclesiastical History. This author has so well proved not only that the Gospels, in which the prediction of Christ relative to the destruction of Jerusalem are delivered, were written before that event, but that the predictions themselves could not have been inserted into the Gospels, as interpolations alter the event: the reader will not esteem this to have been an unnecessary labour, who recollects the confidence with which Voltaire declares that the Gospels were written after Jerusalem was destroyed.”— Bp, Watson.



Largely For the Realized Eschatology Study Archive:


  • 1975: Rabbi Nathan, The Fathers According to Rabbi Nathan (PDF)  Reputed to date to 1st C in sections: “But once the Temple was destroyed, blessing left the world, as Scripture says: “Take heed lest your heart be deceived, and you turn aside and serve other gods and worship them, and the anger of the Lord be kindled against you and he shut up the heavens so that there be no good land which the Lord gives you. (Dt. 11:16-17)” (The Fathers According to Rabbi Nathan, p. 57) / “Version A sets the scene with : “Now, when Vespasian came to destroy Jerusalem…” (p. 22; G 35); this is a more general statement of his hostile intentions and could mean that Vespasian had not yet actually besieged Jerusalem (the situation in Spring 68). In all of this we must remember that the Rabbis did not carefully record dates or distinguish various campaigns and strategies; they concentrated on the central fact that Vespasian/Titus destroyed the Temple and the city.” (The Fathers According to Rabbi Nathan, p. 61)
  • 2007: George Zeller, Consistent Literal Interpretation
  • 2014: Timothy Fitzpatrick, Henry Makow Duped by Zionist – The Orthodox Christian interpretation of these two passages is that they were fulfilled in 70 A.D., when Rome—an empire of many nations, the world as such—encompassed Jerusalem with a siege, slaughtered one million Jews (according to Josephus), looted and burnt the Temple, and left Jerusalem utterly desolate, as Jesus said would happen.


















  • Hosea Ballou Study Archive (Preterist Universalism)
  • OSLChristian Zionism Article Archive
  • 1804 PDF: Hosea Ballou, Notes on the Parables (1822 Ed.) – Will the reader now say that all this may be, and that both Daniel and the Saviour were speaking of the resurrection of mankind to a state of immortal happiness and misery in a future world? To this we reply, when Jesus spoke to his disciples of the destruction of Jerusalem and of the calamities which should shortly come on the Jews, he uses the words of Daniel nearly verbatim, when he speaks of the time of trouble. By this circumstance we are instructed that both Daniel and the Saviour spake of the same time and of the same events, and that time was, when Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans.
  • 1805 PDF: Hosea Ballou, Treatise on the Atonement  – And having satisfied our minds respecting the time of the coming of the Son of man to judge and reward men according to their works, and being assured that that event took place when Jerusalem was destroyed, and the Jews dispersed; it remains an easy task to settle the question respecting the meaning and fulfillment of all the passages in the New Testament which speak of that judgment, and the awful calamities which fell on the people. But we must always keep in mind the fact that all those scriptures were fulfilled in that generation in which Jesus and his disciples lived.
  • 1832 PDF: Albert Barnes, Notes on the Gospels of Matthew and Mark
  • 1842 PDF: Philemon Russell, A Series of Letters to a Universalist – Well, now, did the Jewish nation experience such a resurrection at the time of the destruction of Jerusalem ? Look at it.  Think it over. Did the Jewish nation, or any considerable portion of them, experience a happy change in their moral characters ? Were they then raised by the Roman army that destroyed their city and temple? or by the gospel, or by any other means, from a life of sin to a life of holiness ? With the history of that bloody siege before you, you dare not answer in the affirmative. So far were the Jews from experiencing any moral resurrection, properly so called, at the destruction of Jerusalem, that, according to Josephus, their moral blindness and infatuation were amazing in the highest degree.— They seemed to have been lost to all moral sensibility, and madly plunged into their graves, instead of coming forth from them to a moral resurrection.
  • 1977: Robert L. Pierce, The Rapture Cult: Religious Zeal and Political Conspiracy – If we are to conclude that the book of Revelation was indeed written as an urgent coded warning to the Christians of the first century, what then was the message? It warned of two things. One was the impending destruction of the City of Jerusalem and the Jewish theocratic state; the other was the impending persecution of Christians by the Roman Empire.
  • 2007: Kurt Simmons, The Attack on Full Preterism, Death was Destroyed in AD70? – there is, indeed, an historical connection between full Preterism and Universalism.  (But then this is true of every other sect as well.)  The historical connection between Preterism and Universalism has now been documented by Todd Dennis
  • Barnabas Study Archive (Early Christian Preterism)
  • Albert Barnes Study Archive (Modern Preterism)






  • Jay E. Adams Study Archive (Modern Preterism)
  • Luis Alcasar Study Archive  (Modern Preterism)
  • OSLAmerican Vision Eschatology Resource Guide
  • OSLChristianForums on Preterism.
  • 1840 PDF: Henry Milman, The History of Christianity, V1 | V2 | V3
  • 1853 PDF: William Scott, The Interpretation of the Apocalypse “The sixth Seal represents the fall of Jerusalem; the sixth Trumpet and Vial the fall of Rome properly so called (though the proof of this being so must be reserved for another place); again, the sixth of the ” seven kings ” is Nero, the great tyrant and persecutor of the Christian Church”
  • 1998: Timothy Weber: How Evangelicals Became Israel’s Best Friend, with Responses “The close tie between evangelicals and Israel is important: It has shaped popular opinion in America and, to some extent, U.S. foreign policy. To understand how it developed, one must know something about how many evangelicals interpret Bible prophecy and what difference their beliefs have made in the world of politics.”
  • BIB: 2004: Daniel E Almonz, The Apocalyptic Rapture Exodus “Another example of a combinational approach to preterism is that of conservative preterism. Of the two widely accepted forms of preterism today, the more conservative form admits some Biblical prophecies concerning the literal and physical return of Jesus to this earth are still future. Conservative preterists will perhaps interpret most prophecies about the coming of Jesus symbolicly of Jerusalem’s A.D. 70 desolation. Conservative preterism could be considered a combination of preterism and futurism. The interpretations of the prophecies about the future return of Jesus which are interpreted as being fulfilled in A.D. 70 are preterist, but the other prophecies which are construed to be about a literal future return of the Messiah to earth could be considered futurist.”
  • 2004 PDF: Mike Stallard, Weber’s On the Road to Armageddon Reviewed
  • BIB: 2007: Victoria Clarke, Allies for Armageddon: The Rise of Christian Zionism “Guided by a literal reading of the prophetic sections of the Bible, Christian Zionists are convinced that the world is hurtling toward a final Battle of Armageddon. They believe that war in the Middle East is God’s will for the region. In this timely book, Victoria Clark first explores the 400-year history of this powerful political ideology, laying to rest the idea that Christian Zionism is a passing craze or the province of a lunatic fringe. Then Clark surveys the contemporary Christian Zionist scene in Israel and in the United States, where the influence of the religious fundamentalists has never been greater.”
  • 2014: Billy Hallowell, Is the Rapture Biblical — and Will Non-Christians Really Be ‘Left Behind’? Theologians Battle Over End Times Prophecy  “Hanegraaff argued that John wasn’t speaking about the 21st century. “When Jesus says that the apocalypse will soon take place and that the time is near … his words are meant to convey the events in the future,” he said. “If he wanted to say that 2,000 years later he could easily do that, but instead, he said the time is soon and the time is near so it has to do what is happening to the Seven Churches that God is circulating the letters to”
  • 2014: Joseph Mattera: 3 Last-Days Views That Lead to Massive Deception “Although I agree with some form of preterism (for example, many of the prophecies of Matthew 24 and the book of Revelation were fulfilled with the destruction of the temple in A.D. 70), the problems I have with this view regarding eschatology are the following”
  • 2014 Video: Christian Author Shatters The “Left Behind” Theory




  • OSLRevelationRevolution.org
  • 1935 PDF: David L. Cooper, Future Events Revealed According to Matthew 24 and 25 “Luke 21:20-24 gives a definite answer to the first question, when these things will be. When Jerusalem is encompassed by armies–not simply when a foreign foe invades the land–you can know, Jesus declared, that the prediction concerning the destruction of the Temple and of the city will be fulfilled. As we have seen, this prophecy came to pass in the year 70 A.D.”
  • 2015: Steve Gray: The End of the Age: Are We Simply Misunderstanding Matthew 24? “I personally believe that most of the chapter is about the temple’s destruction. The destruction of the temple was the end of an age for them.”
  • 2015: Peter Leithart: Quadrigizing Revelation “These varied readings can seem so divergent that it’s difficult to see that they are reading the same book. But I think most of the different views can be harmonized by a typological preterist reading; or, to use a more traditional designation, by an application of the quadriga.”
  • 2015: Zachary Maxcey: Preterism: Undermining the Protestant Reformation “one of the most prominent teachings of all forms of preterism is that the Antichrist was the Roman emperor Nero who persecuted the first-century Church and committed suicide in A.D. 68. Hypothetically speaking, had the Reformers been preterists, the Protestant Reformation would have never happened.”
  • 2015 PDF: David Pack, Is a Secret Rapture in the Bible?
  • 2015: Archaeologists Uncover Possible Royal Escape Tunnel at Biblical Site “Excavations of the remains of the later city, that of Bethsaida, have yielded numerous finds confirming the site’s occupation during the time of Jesus and his disciples and after their deaths, such as a Roman temple and associated artifacts dated to the early 1st century CE, other structures, fishing and cooking implements, and coins. Most recently, in 2014, a rare Judaea capta coin was discovered, a coin minted by Emperor Domitian between 81 and 96 CE to commemorate the conquest of Judaea and destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE by emperors Vespasian and Titus.”
  • 2015: Stephen Rutenberg: A Different Perspective on the New Israel Fund Controversy “On Tisha Ba’v in the year 70 CE, the temple was burned and the population massacred or taken as slaves. On this story the Talmud states that as a consequence of senseless hatred, the temple was destroyed.”



  • 1465: Eustache Marcadé, Mystère de la Vengeance de Nostre Seigneur Ihesu Crist “And the folk of Jerusalem must make many varied and strange gestures, as people who are terrified by these marvels that they see above them. Then Ysacar says to Ysmael, in a very frightened manner.”
  • 1870 PDF: Madame La Grange, The Last Days of Jerusalem
  • 2018 PDF: Yolande Erasmus, An Urgent Call to the Army of the Lord Jesus Christ “Interpreting the coming of Jesus in judgment of the Jewish nation as prophesied Matthew 24 is to be an historic event that happened in 70 AD, but then seeing the New Jerusalem and the rule of Christ on earth unfolding, is therefore a precise and consistent interpretation of Scripture.”



  • 1785 PDF: Richard Watson, An Essay Concerning the Unity of Sense; to show that no text of Scripture has more than one single sense “Upon the whole: our Saviour’s discourse [Matth. xxiv. 1-35] relates to what was to come to pass during that generation. And, therefore, must relate to the destruction of Jerusalem only, and cannot relate to the day of judgement, and to the end of the world.  In the former sense, it was fully accomplished, and does not now remain to be accomplished.”
  • 1994 PDF: Henk Jan de Jonge, Grotius’ View of the Gospels and the Evangelists “Grotius tned to understand the Gospels as documents of the first Century CE, not as ammunition for defending a seventeenth-century theological position”
  • 2004 PDF: Francis X. Gumerlock, Millennialism and the Early Church Councils: Was Chiliasm Condemned at Constantinople?  “Regardless of whether Apollinaris was a chiliast or not, from the records of the Council of Constantinople there is no evidence that Apollinaris’ eschatology was even discussed at the council, much less his alleged chiliasm the subject of condemnation.”
  • 2016: Chuck Cisco, Yes there were gifts of the Spirit after AD70“Many full preterists started as cessationists from the Church of Christ or other similar groups, and to be honest that lens caused them to find what they were looking for. But as you can see, the Bible teaches an increasing kingdom with the miracle power of God working throughout this age.


Corey Shultz Interview Series (2015) Shultz interviews various present and former members of the Preterist community:

  1. Tina Rae Collins – Agnostic
  2. Todd Dennis – Preterist Idealism
  3. Roderick Edwards – Former Preterist
  4. Larry Siegle – Covenant Eschatology
  5. Rivers of Eden – Preterism
  6. Mark Mountjoy – Atavist Bible Eschatology

James Murray of Torquay (1868) The Force of the Chronological Interpretation of Prophecy, Viewed in the Light of Apostolic Facts, and of the True Genius of Christianity, Relating to the End of the World, and the Coming of the Son of Man. An Answer to the Chronological Weakness of Prophetic Interpretation, by a Beneficed Clergyman of the Church of England “It is manifest that these warnings and encouragements had reference to the same events, to the consolations and deliverance to be experienced by the then living saints, from those that “troubled them” at the period of the destruction of Jerusalem, in James’ day so near at hand, as that he could say, “the Judge standeth before the door.” The limit of all this was the destruction of Jerusalem. What did the destruction of Jerusalem mean? What does it still teach?” (ibid, 21)

Exhaustive List of Mt. 27:25 in Patristic Writers: “the most interesting reference is one in ps.Cyprian, which reveals that, rather than Christians taunting Jews as Christ-killers, some Jewish polemicists were not above taunting the Christians with the fact that the Jews had put the god of the Christians to death! No doubt while Christianity was illegal, and Judaism was not, such incidents did take place. Once Christianity was legal, and favoured by emperor after emperor, the boot was on the other foot.”

Origen, Commentary on Matthew. “And what was more unseemly than the fact, that they all said in His case, “Crucify Him, crucify Him,” and “Away with such a fellow from the earth”? And can this be freed from the charge of unseemliness, “His blood be upon us, and upon our children”? Wherefore, when He was avenged, Jerusalem was compassed with armies, and its desolation was near, and their house was taken away from it, and “the daughter of Zion was left as a booth in a vineyard, and as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers, and as a besieged city.” (Book 14, ch. 19)

Chrysostom on Hebrews 9:11 Of good things to come (τῶν γενομένων ἀγαθῶν)

F.F. Bruce “But now Christ has appeared as high priest of the good things which have come to pass (The majority reading is “the good things that are to come”, but the weight of the evidence favors “the good things that have come” (so P.46 B D* 1611 1739 2005 with the Syriac versions, Chrysostom, and Cyril of Jerusalem).

Vincent’s “According to this reading the A.V. is wrong. It should be “of the good things realized,” or that have come to pass. The A.V. follows the reading μελλόντων about to be. So Tischendorf and Rev. T. Weiss with Westcott and Hort read γενομένων. Blessings not merely prophetic or objects of hope, but actually attained; free approach to God, the better covenant, personal communion with God, the purging of the conscience.”

Chrysostom: “Christ foretold many things. If those former things did not come to pass, then do not believe them; but if they all came to pass, why doubt concerning those that remain? And indeed, it were very unreasonable, nothing having come to pass, to believe the one, or when all has come to pass, to disbelieve the others.

But I will make the matter more plain by an example. Christ said, that Jerusalem should be taken, and should be so taken as no city ever was before, and that it should never be raised up: and in fact this prediction came to pass. He said, that there should be “great tribulation” (Matthew 24:21), and it came to pass. He said that a grain of mustard seed is sown, so should the preaching [of the Gospel] be extended: and every day we see this running over the world. He said, that they who left father or mother, or brethren, or sisters, should have both fathers and mothers; And this we see fulfilled by facts. He said, “in the world ye shall have tribulation, but be of good cheer, I have overcome the world” (John 16:33), that is, no man shall get the better of you. And this we see by the events has come to pass.”

Francis X. Gummerlock: Revelation and the First Century – Among the many new insights gained in this book, you will read from many early and medieval Christians who believed:

John wrote Revelation before A.D. 70
“The hour of testing” (Rev 3:10) occurred immediately after the death of Nero
The Emperor Titus was one of the horsemen of the Apocalypse
The seal and trumpet judgments were fulfilled in the Roman-Judean war
The Roman Emperor Nero was the beast of Revelation 13
Nero’s name was used in calculation of the number of the beast, 666

Perhaps even more impressive, Dr. Gumerlock has combed through dozens of ancient manuscripts that have never before been translated into English. Revelation and the First Century will lead to a number of historical reassessments of Bible prophecy.

Was Josephus familiar with the Apocalypse of John?
Or John with Wars?

John’s Revelation – “And there were noises and thundering and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such a mighty and great earthquake as had not occurred since men were on the earth.” (16:18)

Josephus – “for there broke out a prodigious storm in the night, with the utmost violence, and very strong winds, with the largest showers of rain, with continued lightnings, terrible thunderings, and amazing concussions and bellowings of the earth, that was in an earthquake. These things were a manifest indication that some destruction was coming upon men, when the system of the world was put into this disorder; and any one would guess that these wonders foreshowed some grand calamities that were coming” (“Wars of the Jews” 4:4:5)

John’s Revelation – “Now the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. And great Babylon was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of His wrath.” (16:19)

Josephus – “it so happened that the sedition at Jerusalem was revived, and parted into three factions, and that one faction fought against the other; which partition in such evil cases may be said to be a good thing, and the effect of divine justice.” (5:1:1)

John’s Revelation – “And great hail from heaven fell upon men, each hailstone about the weight of a talent.” (16:21)

Josephus –  “Now the stones that were cast were of the weight of a talent, and were carried two furlongs and further. The blow they gave was no way to be sustained, not only by those that stood first in the way, but by those that were beyond them for a great space. As for the Jews, they at first watched the coming of the stone, for it was of a white color, and could therefore not only be perceived by the great noise it made, but could be seen also before it came by its brightness;” (5:6:3)

David ChiltonRare David Chilton Lecture Series “The Days of Vengeance” The Days of Vengeance is an extraordinary exposition of the book of Revelation and has undoubtedly been welcomed as a cool drenching rain upon a dry, thirsty ground. Long parched and impoverished by speculative spectacularization, the evangelical scholastic wilderness can do naught but soak in Chilton’s careful and literate commentary.  The Days of Vengeance is phenomenal. It is big (nearly 750 pages big, going where no commentary has dared to go before). It is brash (marshalling mountains of long forgotten evidence to the cause). It is a brazen bravura, a delight, a tour de force.

Rare David Chilton Lecture Series “The Days of Vengeance”

David Chilton
M.Div. PhD.

The Syriac Version of the Apocalypse

Murdock Syriac (5th Century)

“The Revelation, which was made by God to John the Evangelist, in the island of Patmos, to which he was banished by Nero the Emperor.”

Etheridge Syriac (5th Century)


The Annotated Parousia for Kindle: The Classic Study of New Testament Doctrine Regarding Christ’s Second Coming

No Stone Upon Another: Studies in the Significance of the Fall of Jerusalem in the Synoptic Gospels


The Destruction of Jerusalem According to Luke’s Gospel:
A Historical-typological Moral

 All this proves to be relevant, parabolically, to Luke’s readership, a man of affluence and influence, educated, who is expected to perceive in “a history” what should be done and what should be avoided, to discern models of good and of evil, with their consequences for society as he knows it. In effect, Luke’s lesson apropos of his account of Jerusalem’s destruction is to be construed as a question prompted in the typed reader’s mind: If this is what happened to Jerusalem because of the way Jesus and those who represent him, his disciples, were treated, what will happen to my city/nation/society if he (and his followers, who stand for him) are treated similarly? What am I, as a respected man with some influence, expected to do?” (viii)


Foto de la librería


DAN. IX. ver. 20. to the end, usually called,


See Also David ChiltonHugo GrotiusThomas HayneBenjamin MarshallOrigenGregory SharpeHerbert Thorndike // Daniel’s Seventy Weeks Study Archive

Origen: “The weeks of years, also, which the prophet Daniel had predicted, extending to the leadership of Christ, have been fulfilled” (Principles, 4:1:5).


Six Sermons on the Study of the Holy Scriptures


(AND DON’T FORGET AD 312 or 135 or 79)

Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones “Christ is fulfilling the law on the cross, and unless you interpret the cross, and Christ’s death upon it, in strict terms of the fulfilling of the law you have not the scriptural view of the death upon the cross.”  (Studies in the Sermon on the Mount, p. 168)

AD70 Storyline Fundamentally Different

Constantine the.. Preterist!

Eusebius: “I am filled with wonder at the intellectual greatness of the emperor, who as if by divine inspiration thus expressed what the prophets had foretold concerning this monster”