What Was New At The Original Preterist Archive
These updates were included in the 2018 archive of PreteristArchive.com
12/13/18: Now reformatting all HTML files and forwarding links to new website at preteristarchive.com
6/21/18: ENDING SITE UPDATES AT THIS LOCATION – BEEN A GOOD 22 YEAR RUN!
All of the latest site updates can now be found here:
- 1730: Nathaniel Lardner, Evidences of Christianity from the Testimony of Josephus (PDF)
- 1828: Alexander Keith, The Evidence of Prophecy: Historical Testimony to the Truth of the Bible (PDF)
- 1828: Alexander Keith, The Destruction of Jerusalem (PDF)
- 1842: Joseph Macardy, Synopsis of the Evidences of Christianity (PDF)
- 1842: Joseph Macardy, The Destruction of Jerusalem (PDF)
- 1869: J.J. Blunt, Undesigned Coincidences Between the Gospels and Acts, and Josephus (PDF)
- 2014: Marta Barbato, Flavian Typology: The Evidence from the ‘sottosuolo urbano’ of Rome (PDF)
- OSL: Hathi Trust Digital Library
- OSL: Intratext Digital Library: English
- 312: Eusebius: Commentary on Zechariah 14 – everything that had been predicted was fulfilled against them without exception 500 years after the prediction: from the time of Pontius Pilate to the sieges under Nero, Titus and Vespasian they were never free from all kinds of successive calamities, as you may gather from the history of Flavius Josephus.
- 1903: August Klughardt, The Destruction of Jerusalem – An Oratorio – 12. Chorus of Jewish People: The Lord hath us forsaken, woe, ah woe! … He fighteth for the foe. Woe, ah woe! … The Lord becomes our foe.
- 2018: Travis Finley, Response to Brock D. Hollet’s book, “Debunking Preterism,” Part One – The reason the dispensational futurist is wrong is because his concept of the kingdom is wrong; the reason the “already-not-yet” interpreter is wrong is because his concept of the resurrection is wrong.
- Early Preteristic Literature Study Archive – The next line, however, begins, “Its interpretation concerns the Kittim….” The modern theory had already been propounded by interpretation by the ancient community two thousand years earlier!
- Ignatius of Antioch Study Archive – the gospel has something distinctive, the appearing [parousia] of the Savior, our Lord Jesus Christ, His suffering and His resurrection. For the beloved prophets made announcements of Him but the gospel is the completion of immortality
- 1972: Edward Fudge, The Eschatology of Ignatius (PDF) – Jesus obtained salvation for His people, began the annulment of Satan’s power and ushered in the last days. Christians still live in history, however, and they must still resist the devil. Only by faithful preserverence will they receive the reward which Christ already has made possible
- 1994: Florentino Garcia Martinez, The Dead Sea Scrolls Translated. The Qumran Texts in English (PDF) | Other versions at Archive.org
- 2014: Matthew Everhard, Problems with Full Preterism: Is the Bible a Book without a Final Chapter or Even a Back Cover? – It provides no Biblical answer to the question “What is next?” or “How does history wrap up?” (See Gary Demar, End Times Madness, in which the author says nothing to explain what happens “next,” but merely spends chapter after chapter refuting dispensationalism).
2001: Edward Babinski, The Lowdown on God’s Showdown – Many evangelical Christians tremble with excitement at the thought that they are the “last generation” and “Jesus is due to return soon.” Others are less excitable and propose that Jesus’ “return” might still be far off. Neither view appears to be correct judging by the plain words of the New Testament – words that armies of theologians have spent centuries trying to divide up and “conquer,” or in this case, “explain away.” Let’s examine some of those words to discover exactly what it is about them that requires mountains of ingenious explanations from Dispensationalists, Preterists, and other varieties of evangelical Christian apologists.
2006: Robert Reymond, Who Really Owns the “Holy Land”? A Reformed Response to Dispensationalism – all of God’s land promises to Israel in the Old Testament are to be viewed in terms of shadow, type, and prophecy, in contrast to the reality, substance, and fulfillment of which the New Testament speaks.
2011: David J. Hawkin – Albert Schweitzer and the Interpretation of the New Testament (PDF) “What Jesus had proclaimed had not happened. But in the face of failure Jesus did not abandon his eschatological hopes, but rather rethought his mission, and came to the conclusion that he himself must inaugurate the Kingdom by setting in motion the final messianic tribulations.”
2016: Andrew Perriman, Two unconventional ways of thinking about the delay of the parousia – The problem is not that the “end” that Jesus had in view has been delayed. If the end was a a war against Rome, there is nothing implausible about his prediction that the present generation of rebellious Israel would not pass away until all these things take place
2018: Alina-Roxana Lupu, The Time of the Second Coming and the Sanhedrin – The aspects related to the time of the Second Coming of Jesus were a constant concern of the believers and Bible’s scholars. There are many challenging verses in the Scripture that are talking about the Parousia in temporal terms. This present study was to determine to what extend Jesus’ answer before the Sanhedrin (Matt 26:64) was related to the time of the Parousia and with that generation of his accusers
“when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation is at hand.”
R. Alexandri said that R. Joshua bar Levi combined the two paradoxical passages; the one that says. ‘Behold, one like the Son of Man came with the clouds of heaven’ (Daniel 7:13) [showing Messiah’s glory] and the other verse that says, ‘poor and riding upon a donkey’ (Zechariah 9:9) [showing Messiah’s humility]. He explained it in this manner: If they are worthy, He will come ‘with the clouds of heaven;’ if they are unworthy He will come ‘poor and riding upon a donkey.’ (cf. Sanhedrin 98a)
- 0075: Josephus VI-V-III – Chariots in the Clouds
- 2014: Steve Sabz: Armies of Angels in the Clouds – The Old Testament’s description of the Lord’s angelic forces is eerily similar to that of Josephus’ and Tacitus’ account of what happened in 66 AD
- 2015: Daniel Morias, Jesus, the Son of Man, was LITERALLY Seen in the Clouds in A.D. 66
- 1963: William E. Cox, John Nelson Darby
- 1970: Charles Horne, Eschatology – The Controlling Thematic in Theology (PDF)
- 1997: Lee Irons, Paul’s Theology of Israel’s Future A Nonmillennial Interpretation of Romans 11 (PDF) This paper will seek to present further exegetical and theological evidence to provide further corroboration of Calvin’s instincts.
- 2008: Jay Rogers, In the Days of These Kings: Calvin’s View of Daniel Was Preterist (Google Books)
- 2014: PJ Miller, Jesus came to fulfill what Israel failed to achieve – One thing I’ve noticed is throughout the new testament you never see the Jewish people (again) referred to as chosen. Those in the new testament who are now called chosen are of those who follow Jesus
- 2014: The Witness of 70 AD from the Historicist Perspective – Are there some good reasons to condemn Preterism as heresy? As much as Dispensationalism. What is a Preterist? Someone that believes there is absolutely nothing left in the future for the elect! If you must give us a label, we are historicists, which means we believe Bible prophecy has been fulfilled and is now fulfilling in world history.
- 2014: Preterism – A Damnable Heresy (PDF)
- OSL: ApostasyWatch.com Christian Zionism Resources
- OSL: Grace Online Library Eschatology Resources (Reformed Amillennialism)
- 1927: Philip Mauro, The Kingdom of God Coming with Power – Thus we have Christ’s own statement to the effect that the destruction of Jerusalem and the scattering of the nation was a coming of the Kingdom of God. And this He again coupled with the affirmation that his prediction would be fulfilled before the passing of that generation.
- 1999: Charles Terpstra, Reformed Eschatology Has Been Amillennial Since the Reformation – the Reformers did not develop the doctrines of eschatology, at least not very far. Witness the fact that neither Luther nor Calvin produced a commentary on the book of Revelation. They basically repeated what the church had held for over a thousand years.
- 2017: Steve Lumbly, G-I-G-O What Christian Zionists Get Wrong About Israel – How can we both read the same bible and come to such diametrically opposed positions? I don’t want to offend any of my Christian Zionist friends but I believe the answer is G-I-G-O, garbage in – garbage out.
DURING THE FESTIVAL SEASON OF A.D. 66
The Judgment on Jerusalem According to History
|Heavenly phenomena||– A star resembling a sword
– A comet (Halley’s Comet)
– A bright light shining around the altar and the temple
– A vision of chariots and soldiers running around among the clouds and all cities of Palestine.
(reported by priests)
|– A quaking
– A great noise
– The sounds of a great multitude saying, “Let us remove hence.”
- 1955: Cecil J. Lowry, Wither Israeli? Mosaic Restorationism Examined – The size of this book forbids a through discussion of the restoration theory or a consideration of many of the Scriptures they offer from both Testaments in support of their theory. I have confined myself, more or less, to an interpretation of the parable of the fig tree.
- 1963: William E. Cox, An Examination of Dispensationalism, with “Why I Left Scofieldism” – the Scofield Reference Bible were looked on as being the final authority in any theological discussion. It was only after much doubt and searching of the Scriptures that I was constrained to leave such a fascinating school of interpretation.
- 1978: R.B. Yerby, The Once and Future Israel – That is the only remaining fulfillment of the Old Testament prophecies that refer to a restoration to the land. History records that the natural fulfillment of such prophecies took place thousands of years ago (see chapter 11). But the spiritual fulfillment occurs time and again, down through the centuries, as God’s people are delivered from one kind of spiritual Babylon after another.
- 1984-1994: Canfield-Weston, Five Articles on C.I. Scofield’s Life and Works – The most reasonable interpretation of the work of Scofield is that it is neither honest nor valid. As such, it should have the whistle blown, for it is properly outside the line of valid Christianity.
- 1988: J.M. Canfield, The Incredible Scofield and His Book
- 1998: J.M. Canfield, Neither City Nor Land Are Holy! – The “peeling of the Jews off the carpet” by Paul in Rome (Acts 28: 25-28) unmistakably declares the obsolescence of the old system and points to the fiery demise of the city (Jerusalem) in A. D. 70.
- 2010: Alistair W. Donaldson, The Last Days of Dispensationalism: A Scholarly Critique of Popular Misconceptions – How we understand God’s future purposes for the world must shape, to a significant degree, how Christians live life in the present. The decades since the publication of Hal Lindsey’s, The Late Great Planet Earth, have seen a great deal of “end-times” speculation. Signs of the end-time apocalypse occurring soon have been heralded across our radios, televisions, the internet, and through written forms of media, urging people to either be ready for the rapture or be left behind to endure the horrific suffering of the tribulation as God’s end-time program unfolds. Is this really what the Bible teaches about the purposes of the God of whom our Bible declares “so loved the world” that he gave his only son in order that all things be reconciled. The Last Days of Dispensationalism carefully examines this popular understanding known to us as dispensationalism and urges us to think again and to see within the Bible’s grand salvation narrative and in the person of Jesus Christ a better message of redemptive hope for the future and a greater sense of meaning and purpose for the present.
- 2014: Steve Sabz: Armies of Angels in the Clouds – The Old Testament’s description of the Lord’s angelic forces is eerily similar to that of Josephus’ and Tacitus’ account of what happened in 66 AD
- 2016: Kermit Zarley, Tom Wright’s Faulty Eschatology – Tom can be pretty harsh against those who adhere to the traditional view of the second coming of Christ, as I do, that it means in the yet future Jesus will literally appear in the sky on clouds
- 2017: Kermit Zarley, Did Jesus Wrongly Predict He Would Return within a Generation? – That abomination of desolation is probably an idol. It certainly did not happen during the subsequent forty years until the temple was destroyed in A.D. 70. Since Jerusalem has never had a temple since then, this prophecy has remained unfulfilled to this day.
- 2017: Religion News, Not all evangelicals are seeking Armageddon
- OSL: I.C.E. Free Books
- OSL: The Works of Rev. Prof. Dr. F.N. Lee
- 1555: John Calvin, The Seventh Sermon upon the first Chapter of Deuteronomie – That is the cause why he setteth them before us after that fashion. And we see also how our Lord Jesus speaketh of himselfe, in bewayling the destruction of the Citie of Jerusalem
- 1992: Anthony Buzzard, The Markan Apocalypse – The Core of the Christian Message (With PDF) – Insofar as this sort of view has prevailed, the historical Jesus has been suppressed and the wisdom of man has been substituted for the wisdom of the Master. The process by which the apocalyptic framework of the New Testament was lost is not difficult to trace. Under the influence of Hellenism: The corporate element in the Christian Hope, which is central in the New Testament, soon suffered eclipse, although it was still retained as part of the Christian creed. . . . Interest was transferred to the fate of the individual after death
- 1992: Anthony Buzzard, The Markan Apocalypse – The Core of the Christian Message (PDF)
- 1646: Thomas Brown, Pseudodoxia Epidemica – Againe, they were mistaken in the Emphaticall apprehension, placing the consideration upon the words, If I will, whereas it properly lay in these, when I come: which had they apprehended as some have since, that is, not for his ultimate and last returne, but his comming in judgement and destruction upon the Jewes; or such a comming as it might be said, that that generation should not passe before it was fulfilled: they needed not, much lesse need we suppose such diuturnity; for after the death of Peter, John lived to behold the same fulfilled by Vespasian: nor had he then his nunc dimittis, or went out like unto Simeon; but old in accomplisht obscurities, and having seen the expire of Daniels prediction, as some conceive, he accomplished his Revelation.
- 2002: Anthony F. Buzzard, The Coming Kingdom of the Messiah: A Solution to the Riddle of the New Testament – There is an impressive agreement among New Testament scholars that the Kingdom of God was the principal theme of all that Jesus taught. What Jesus meant by the Kingdom, however, remains a puzzle both to commentators and Bible readers. Since the Kingdom of God is the heart of the Christian Gospel, any uncertainty about Jesus’ core concept will mean that the whole issue of salvation is obscured. Readers of the Bible are often unsympathetic to Jesus’ Jewish Messianic outlook. His claim was to be the Messiah, a highly charged political title meaning that he believed his destiny was to rule the world from Jerusalem, bringing peace and order to the whole of mankind in a renewed earth. New Testament Christianity thus presents the only realistic hope for the resolution of the world’s chaotic condition. Anthony Buzzard contends that contemporary preaching reflects a longstanding and confusing tradition of ignoring the saving Gospel of the Kingdom as preached first by Jesus and then by the Apostles. In church circles Jesus’ death and resurrection have been wrongly presented, with an appeal to isolated verses in Paul, as the entire Gospel. But this is to overlook the obvious fact that there are thirty chapters of Gospel preaching in Matthew, Mark and Luke in which the death and resurrection of Jesus are not even mentioned. Something is seriously awry with a “Gospel” which fails to include the Kingdom of God as its central element. The results of a “gutted” Gospel are apparent in the currently fragmented and weakened church. Jesus shared with the prophets of Israel the vision of a coming new era of peace for all mankind. As Messiah appointed by the One God of Israel he confidently expected to return to the earth, overthrow his enemies and govern the world.
- 2005: George Wesley Buchanan, The Book of Revelation – Its Introduction and Prophecy – Those who wrote books like Revelation did not expect either the world or time to come to an end. They made prophecies on the basis of fulfillment of Scripture, the patterns of cycles, typology, and other standard doctrines. Typology is the study of the relationships of similar patterns. There was a type and an antitype. If the comparison was heavenly and earthly things, then the type was in heaven and the earthly object, person, or system on earth was the antitype. Ancient made prophecies on the bases of these typologies.
- OSL: Covenant Baptist Eschatology Lectures
- OSL: Puritan Downloads – Articles, Books, MP3s
- 2003: David E. McConnell, Letter to the Editor “Not every part of the Bible should be taken literally” (2003) “So here we have the basis for (J. Dwight) Pentecost’s doctorate, authority, and system of theology.”
Augustine: A/V: Michael Shover, Luke 21:20-21 – The Flight to Pella – This our Lord indicated in Matthew 24:13 when He said, ‘he that endures to the end shall be saved.’ The end that He had spoken of was the end of Jerusalem.
- 2018: Brock David Hollett, Debunking Preterism: How Over-Realized Eschatology Misses the ‘Not Yet’ of Bible Prophecy
- A/V: Preterism at SermonAudio.com
- A/V: Preterism at WordMP3.com
- OSL: Is the Sixth Seal about the Destruction of Jerusalem? (Christian Forums)
- 1998: Joseph Braswell, The Book of Revelation: An Interpretive Suggestion – The then of John’s time becomes the indexical reference-point for preterism’s own brand of futurist interpretation that assumes that John himself was not a preterist.
- 1999: Richard Barcellos, Some Thoughts on Hyper-Preterism – Denying, or not being able to affirm without qualification, a future bodily and physical resurrection of the saints precludes a past bodily resurrection of Christ according to the logic of Paul in 1 Corinthians 15:13.
- OSL: Grace Online Library: Eschatology
- 1968: Charles Alexander, Moses or Christ? Paul’s Reply to Dispensational Error – What the dispensational theory is saying is that Christ offered to the Jews the very kingdom which they expected, but they rejected Him and it!
- 2018: Jay Rogers, Epiphanius of Salamis on the Hymenaean Heresy – Epiphanius provides some useful information on how the early Church viewed the Hymenaean heresy as a form of Docetic Gnosticism.
- 2012: Keith Mathison, The Preterist Approach to Revelation — The Unfolding of Biblical Eschatology – A number of scholars, however, have begun to propose a fifth approach, which may be termed the eclectic approach. As one proponent of this view explains, “The solution is to allow the preterist, idealist, and futurist methods to interact in such a way that the strengths are maximized and the weaknesses minimized.’
- 2018: Philip Bump, Half of evangelicals support Israel because they believe it is important for fulfilling end-times prophecy – Sixty percent of those age 65 and older said the fulfillment of prophecy was an important factor in their support for Israel. In a follow-up question, 12 percent of respondents said the fulfillment of prophecy was the most important reason they supported the state of Israel.
- 2018: Josiah Hesse, In US evangelical capital, a new progressiveness and differing views on Israel – For many on the Christian right, the state of Israel has been seen as a key to fulfilling prophesy. A new generation has other ideas
- 1999: J. Nelson Kraybill in Christianity Today, Apocalypse Now – Added “Apocalyptic Palette” and Letters to the Editor
- 2018: Ovid Need, May 2018 – The Biblical Examiner (PDF) Warning: This issue is about as anti PC as any issue in the past, but I believe you will find it historically and Biblically accurate. Hence, the lengthy Introduction. I am sure many will disagree with what history tells us, but that is up to them. (Ph 3:15)
What is presented is the result of a lot of research for an upcoming book, “Judaeo-Churchianity.” Though I have not completed my research, there is enough to start writing about. My goal is to have the book finished before September.
Introduction…1 ; The Talmud…2 ; The Magicians/ 2 Timothy 3…3 ; Closing definitions…10 ; A Con for a Con-Con…11 ; Recipe For Growing the Kingdom…12 ; Yahweh…14 ; I Will Be a God to Thy Seed After Thee…18 ; Screen Time…19 ; Brain Images Explain Why Kids Are Moody, Impulsive & Can’t Pay Attention…19 ; Personal…21 ; Study Shows More Time With Mom Helps Her Live Longer…22 ; Low-Tech Teaching with High-Tech Results…23
Please remember us in your prayers.
By His Sovereign Grace Alone,
- 2002: Knox Theological Seminary, The People of God, the Land of Israel, and the Impartiality of the Gospel
- 2018: Linda Lascola, Doubt Street: U Turn Resolutely Resisted – There are similar statements in the other gospels and it looked like Jesus lied, was mistaken, or couldn’t tell time. My quest for understanding eventually led me to discover the preterist movement which essentially teaches that every event associated with the end times, Jesus’ second coming, the tribulation, the resurrection of the dead, the final judgment, had already happened. Jesus’ return to earth was a “spiritual” return and the establishment of the Kingdom of God was likewise spiritual. I had only to check my spiritual rear view mirror to see it. Preterism was briefly satisfying, but as we all know, eschatology is a bitch, and then we die. Atheism ahead, merge left.
- 2018: Michael Brown, Is God Finished with Israel? – (For those wanting to do further study, I recommend the following titles: Brock David Hollett, Debunking Preterism: How Over-Realized Eschatology Misses the ‘Not Yet’ of Bible Prophecy; Gerald R. McDermott, ed., The New Christian Zionism: Fresh Perspectives on Israel and the Land; by the same author, Israel Matters: Why Christians Must Think Differently about the People and the Land; Barry E. Horner, Future Israel: Why Christian Anti-Judaism Must Be Challengedand Eternal Israel; Michael Vlach, Has the Church Replaced Israel;David Harwood, For the Sake of the Fathers: A New Testament View of God’s Love for the Jewish People; Michael L. Brown, Our Hands Are Stained with Blood: The Tragic Story of the ‘Church’ and the Jewish People.)
- Eusebius of Caesarea Study Archive – When, then, we see what was of old foretold for the nations fulfilled in our day, and when the lamentation and wailing that was predicted for the Jews, and the burning of the Temple and its utter desolation, can also be seen even now to have occurred according to the prediction, surely we must also agree that the King who was prophesied, the Christ of God, has come, since the signs of His coming have been shewn in each instance I have treated to have been clearly fulfilled.
- 2003: Gary DeMar, “Shreds of Preterism” Among First-Century Writers – The earliest historical sources, the Didache, 1 Clement, and the testimony of James, the brother of Jesus, demonstrate that preterism’s history is a first-century history.
- 2016 Video: Daniel 11:36-45 – Faulty Forecast, Future Finale or Focal Flip – An entertaining and startling new perspective on this often criticized portion of biblical prophecy. Far from being a major prophetic blunder, new biblical evidence is presented in defense of its phenomenal ancient fulfillment. Additional justification for the research of Dr. Robert J.M. Gurney and his book “God In Control”. A non-traditional yet fascinating investigation into this mysterious and controversial section of the prophecy regarding the Kings of the North and South.
- 2018: Paul Wyns, Pattern Recognition in the Apocalypse – PDF Files
- 2009: Fred Sanders, C.H. Dodd and Realized Eschatology – Jesus may be the eschatological man, but that doesn’t mean his eschatological work was complete in AD 33, AD 70, or last year. | C.H. Dodd Study Archive, Realized Eschatology Study Archive
- 2018: Elijah Hixon, Matthew 24:36 and Rapture Predictions – A ‘biblical numerologist’ who goes by ‘David Meade’ predicted that a rogue planet would appear, the rapture would happen, and the world as we know it would generally come to an end. And yet, here we are.
- 2018: Brock D. Hollett, Debunking Preterism: How Over-Realized Eschatology Misses the Not Yet of Bible Prophecy – Although many books promote preterism, this book is the first academic book that refutes it. Dr. Holett carefully demonstrates that the preterist hermeneutic is built upon a faulty understanding of the biblical time statements nd prophetic perspective of the Bible. He emphasizes the need for a proper understanding of the biblical time indicators and Jesus’ statement that “this generation will not pass away until all these things take place” (Matt. 24:34).
- 2013: Steve Gregg: Revelation: Four Views – A Parallel Commentary– Added Preface to the Revised & Updated Edition – The viewpoint that appears in the fourth column of the main body of the work is rightly called the Idealist. I was aware of this, when writing in 1997, but I did not find many authors referring to their view by this name, even when it was their view. I assumed that they may not have preferred this label for their position, and I sought for an alternative name from their writings. Though authors taking this position floated a variety of possible labels (e.g., the philosophy of history view), there was none among them of which all seemed to approve. At that time, I decided to create a generic name for the viewpoint, and I settled upon the label spiritual. The ink was no sooner dry on the first copies of the book than I regretted the decision. Idealist is clearly the most widely recognized name for this view, and it is so named in this edition.
- 2018: Michael Gordon, End-Time Myths – Released Today
- 2018: Michael Gordon, End-Time Myths, Table of Contents (PDF)
- 1764: Nathaniel Lardner, Of the Argument for the Truth of Christianity, arising from the fulfillment of our Saviour’s predictions concerning the destruction of the Temple and the City of Jerusalem, 1791 Ed. (PDF)| 1829 (PDF) “The Argument is taken from the history of the destruction of Jerusalem as related by Josephus, compared with our Saviour’s prediction of that event, which has always been considered as one of the strongest which can be urged either against the Jews in particular, or against Unbelievers in general. In modern times this Argument has been illustrated by Jackson in the 1st volume of his works, 1673; by Tillotson, in the 12th vol. of his Sermons; by Kidder, in his Demonstration of the Messiah; by Whitby, in his Commentary on St. Matthew, and in his General Preface; by Sharpe, in the Rise and Fall of the Holy City and Temple of Jerusalem -, and by Dr. Jortin in the 1st vol. of his Remarks on Ecclesiastical History. This author has so well proved not only that the Gospels, in which the prediction of Christ relative to the destruction of Jerusalem are delivered, were written before that event, but that the predictions themselves could not have been inserted into the Gospels, as interpolations alter the event: the reader will not esteem this to have been an unnecessary labour, who recollects the confidence with which Voltaire declares that the Gospels were written after Jerusalem was destroyed.”— Bp, Watson.
- On hiatus. Enjoy the new Study Archives (see sidebar at link for complete listing), and especially the PDF File Bibliography (designed for mobile devices).
Largely For the Realized Eschatology Study Archive:
- 1904: Lewis Muirhead, The Eschatology of Jesus – Our Lord’s Apocalyptic Language in the Sypnoptic Gospels (PDF)
- 1917: F.C. Grant, The Permanent Value of Primitive Christian Eschatology (PDF) – Unless all signs fail the most marked issue of the next few years in our evangelical theology will be eschatology. And back of our view of the meaning of eschatology will be our attitude toward the Scriptures. Here the issue is, as much as anything, one of method. How are we to gain the everlasting gospel from current conceptions of what that gospel is. This is a real task, worthy of real thinking. We may well pray that in our efforts to get at the heart of the gospel we shall be free from temptation to harsh judgments of others, and particularly of such rhetorical descriptions of their views as may do them injustice. Believing as we do that eschatalogical pictures of the early church are symbols rather than realities, we also believe that the truths they represent are of the utmost importance for anyone who would understand the Christian religion | Other Editions of The Biblical World
- 1919: L.P. Edwards, The Transformation of Early Christianity from an Eschatological to a Socialized Movement (PDF)
- 1921: Vladimir Simkhovitch, Towards the Understanding of Jesus (PDF)
- 1947: A.J. Pollock, Josephus and the Bible (PDF)
- 1984: Louis H. Feldman, Josephus and Modern Scholarship (1937-1980)
- 2008: PurtianLad, The Amillennial Preterism of Clement of Alexandria [A.D. 162] – Clearly, Clement sees the main prophecies of Daniel as having been fulfilled in the first century. He also ties the abomination of desolation in Matthew 24:15 to the same event. Regarding the fulfillment of the Olivet Discourse, Clement gives the following exposition
- 2018: Brent Nongbri, Codices made from reused documents
- Philip Mauro Study Archive
- OSL: Brethren Archive Books and Pamphlets
- 1875-1880: The Expositor Series 1, Vols 1 – 12 – The first series of the periodical The Expositor, which featured articles by some of the leading scholars of its day is now available on-line here. The series, which contains around 425 articles is the first part of a project to which should see the first 8 series being made freely available for the first time. (Lots of material by F.W. Farrar)
- 1930: A.J. Pollock: A Brief Examination of Mr. Philip Mauro’s Later Views on Dispensational Truth (1930)
- 1930: A.J. Pollock, A Brief Examination of Mr. Philip Mauro’s Later Views on Dispensational Truth (PDF)
- 1975: Rabbi Nathan, The Fathers According to Rabbi Nathan (PDF) Reputed to date to 1st C in sections: “But once the Temple was destroyed, blessing left the world, as Scripture says: “Take heed lest your heart be deceived, and you turn aside and serve other gods and worship them, and the anger of the Lord be kindled against you and he shut up the heavens so that there be no good land which the Lord gives you. (Dt. 11:16-17)” (The Fathers According to Rabbi Nathan, p. 57) / “Version A sets the scene with : “Now, when Vespasian came to destroy Jerusalem…” (p. 22; G 35); this is a more general statement of his hostile intentions and could mean that Vespasian had not yet actually besieged Jerusalem (the situation in Spring 68). In all of this we must remember that the Rabbis did not carefully record dates or distinguish various campaigns and strategies; they concentrated on the central fact that Vespasian/Titus destroyed the Temple and the city.” (The Fathers According to Rabbi Nathan, p. 61)
- 2007: George Zeller, Consistent Literal Interpretation
- 2007: George Zeller, Consistent Literal Interpretation (PDF)
- 2014: Timothy Fitzpatrick, Henry Makow Duped by Zionist – The Orthodox Christian interpretation of these two passages is that they were fulfilled in 70 A.D., when Rome—an empire of many nations, the world as such—encompassed Jerusalem with a siege, slaughtered one million Jews (according to Josephus), looted and burnt the Temple, and left Jerusalem utterly desolate, as Jesus said would happen.
- Dr. John Owen Study Archive
- The Dead Sea Scrolls Study Archive
- OSL: Center for Study of New Testament Manuscripts
- OSL: Mt. Zion Chapel Library | CCEL Books
- OSL: Reformed Libertarian
- 1681: Nehemiah Coxe, A Discourse of the Covenants that God made with men before the Law
- 1772: John Owen, A Practical Exposition of CXXX Psalm (PDF) – Will it do me any good to be at Jerusalem, and not see the face of the King? to live under ordinances, and not to meet in them with the King of saints? May I not justly fear that the Lord will take his Holy Spirit from me until I be left without remedy?” With such thoughts as these are sin-entangled souls exercised, and they lie rolling in their minds in all their applications unto God.
- 2005: Review: Covenant Theology From Adam to Christ by Nehemiah Coxe and John Owen – God’s covenant transactions with Abraham and God’s dispensation toward the church for some ages following was such that it required a present intermixture of the promises…. spiritual blessings in the shade of temporal, and of a spiritual seed in a natural.
- 2010: Adam Maarschalk: A Discussion of Two Ages: “This age and the age to come” – Doug Wilson made the point that the years 30-70 AD were the overlapping of two ages, the Judaic (Old Covenant) age and the Christian (Church) age. He likened this transition to the passing of a baton between two runners
- Herculaneum Library Study Archive
- 1750: Marcello Venuti, A Description of the First Discoveries of the Ancient City of Herculaneum (PDF)
- 1771: Winckelman-Bruhl, Critical Account of the Situation and Destruction by the First Eruptions of Mt. Vesuvius (PDF)
- 1811: John Hayter, A Report Upon the Herculaneum Manuscripts (PDF)
- 1817: Dr. Sickler, Herculaneum Rolls (PDF)
- 1821: Humphrey Davy, Observations and Experiments on the Papyri Found in the Ruins of Herculaneum (PDF)
- 1835: W.B. LeGros, Fables and Tales Suggested by the Frescos of Pompeii and Herculaneum (PDF)
- 1765: John Gill, The Doctrine of the Wheels in the Visions of Ezekiel (PDF)
- 1790: John Gill, Sermons on Christology and Typology (PDF)
- 1812: John Gill, The Glory of the Church in the Latter Days (PDF)
- 1838: John Gill, The Cause of God and Truth (PDF)
- 1859: John Gill, The Word and Works of God (PDF)
- 1863: John Gill, The Messiah the Hope of Israel (PDF)
- John Gill Study Archive
- 1725: John Gill, Levi’s Urim and Thummim found with Christ – A Sermon on Deuteronomy 33:8 (PDF)
- 1736: John Gill, Christ, the Savior from the Tempest (PDF)
- 1751: John Gill, The Dissenters Reasons for separating from the Church of England (PDF)
- 1752: John Gill, The Doctrine of the Saints’ Final Perseverence (PDF)
- 1769: John Gill, A Complete Body of Doctrinal and Practical Divinity
- 1997: Gill-Hayken, The Life and Thought of John Gill (1697-1771) – John Gill, the doyen of High Calvinism in the transatlantic Baptist community of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Among the topics covered are Gill’s trinitarian theology, his soteriological views, his Baptist ecclesiology, and his use of Scripture. Other papers are more focused, examining, for instance, his clash with the Arminian Methodist leader John Wesley over the issues of predestination and election, a clash that decisively shaped Wesley’s perspective on Calvinism. The tercentennial of Gill’s birth in 1997 is a fitting occasion to issue this study of a man whose systematic theology and exposition of the Old and New Testaments formed the mainstay of many eighteenth-century Baptist ministers’ libraries and who has never been the subject of a major critical study.
- 2002: Ovid Need, Jr., Death of the Church Victorious – As the book goes deeply in the history of the subject, it has some very original and good concepts. The historical events concerning the 19th century dispensationalism awakening have insight that is really building up to ones thought about the processes.
- 2012: Stan Murrel, Eschatology – Understanding the Parousia | Redeeming Grace Ministries
- Hugo Grotius Study Archive – He considers that there are no grounds for expecting the Lord’s personal, visible presence on earth, but rather a presence of the Spirit and its power in his ordinances with his saints living on earth
- 1627: Hugo Grotius, De Veritate Religionis Christianae,;The Truth of the Christian Religion, English: 1686 | 1805 12th Ed | 1814 LeClerc
- 1633: Hugo Grotius, The Freedom of the Seas; Or the Right Which Belongs to the Dutch to Take Part in the East Indian Trade (PDF)
- 1644: Hugo Grotius, Annotations on the Old Testament, Annotata ad Vetus Testamentum, V1 | V2 | V3 (Latin PDF)
- 1806: Heinrich Luden, Hugo Grotius nach seinen Schicksalen und Schriften – “Fate and Writings”(German PDF) – The cardinal demanded in his own house, in the presence of the ambassador, the primacy which Grotius, according to the example of the Englishmen, who as Protestants did not respect the Catholic priestly hat, did not want to concede him.
- 1827: Grotius’ Annotations on Matthew 24 and 25 (Latin PDF)
- Translate (poorly) using Google Books and Google Translate
- On Matthew 24:2 “This (temple) clearly has been destroyed, but with none of its parts having been kept. As with the arrangement called the Stone Temple ‘put on another’, Agg. 2: 16, jokes that the destruction is to be left upon another.”
- On Matthew 24:3 “When shall these things be? And what the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world, Christ spoke of the destruction of the temple”)
- Translate (poorly) using Google Books and Google Translate
- 1839: Francis Barham, The Adamus Exul of Grotius: A Prototype of Paradise Lost – Now First Translated from the Latin (PDF)
- 2000: Willem Maas, Grotius on Citizenship and Political Community(PDF)
- 2005: Hans Blom, Grotius and Socinianism (PDF)
- 2007: Silke-Petra Bergjan, The Patristic Context in Early Grotius (PDF)
- -0047-48: New Testament Epistle of James | Late Date: 70-100
- 0120-180: P-James, The (Second) Apocalypse of James
- 0180-250: P-James, The First Apocalypse of James
- 0325: Eusebius, The Martyrdom of James, the Brother of the Lord
- 1976: John A.T. Robinson, Redating The New Testament Chart – Robinson’s Date for the Epistle of James: Prior to 47 but no later than 48
- 2007: Todd Dennis, Carlsbad Prophecy Conference Files
- 2010: Leen Ritmayer, The Pinnacle of the Temple “the southwest corner of the Temple Mount [i]s a more likely candidate for the pinnacle of the Temple.” | To the Place of Trumpeting
- 2018: Todd Dennis, PreteristArchive.com Classification UpdateThis controversial classification update applies to PreteristArchive.com’s native label called “Full Preterism“. This update amends the 2007 classification with “Letter D”. The original classification still stands without a single change. It reads:
FULL PRETERISM – A) Umbrella term covering all those who believe that all Bible prophecy was fulfilled by the fall of Jerusalem in AD70. B) According the known literature, this class emerged out of Preterist Universalism in the 19th century, with the first known work being the product of Robert Townley in 1845. C) Teaches that all “end times” prophecies had sole application to ancient Israel, but that the consequences of that fulfillment are enduring in the New Covenant Age.
- Outside Study Links, Olive Tree Ministries (Lloyd Dale)
- 2018: Digitized Manuscripts at the British Library (PDF) | Link to Docs
- 2013: Russell, R. Newton, S. Newton, Hill, Dennis, The Annotated Parousia for Kindle: The Classic Study of New Testament Doctrine Regarding Christ’s Second Coming
- 2018: Kindle Reviews for The Annotated Parousia for Kindle (2013-2017) – Can’t agree with every conclusion but well thought out and studied. I find myself in the same camp with only small differences. I recommend it to anyone interested in the book of Revelation and ‘The end times’.
- C.H. Spurgeon Study Archive (Reclassified Modern Preterist)
- Bo Reicke Study Archive (Pauline Perspectives)
- OSL: Preterist Pages (Sharon Nichols)
- Bibliography: Eschatology – Understanding the Parousia (PDF)
- 1885: C.H. Spurgeon: Israel And Britain. A Note of Warning – This wilful rejection was carried out so effectually that it became impossible to convert and heal them; they could not be instructed, or reformed, and therefore they were given over to destruction. Nothing remained but to allow the Romans to burn the temple and plough the site of the city.
- 1989: David Turner, The Structure and Sequence of Matthew 24:1-41: Interaction with Evangelical Treatments
- 2008: Todd Dennis: Matthew 16:27-28 is NOT a “Preterist Time Indicator” Pointing to AD70 – Such turns of a phrase are known elsewhere in Scripture, indicating the personal reception of a promise. Take, for instance, the account of Simeon in Luke 2:25-26
- 2011: Sharon Nichols: Spurgeon, Justification and Full Preterism
- 2012: James Swann: Charles Spurgeon, Full-Preterism, and Figurative Language – Those involved with Preterism appear to look for anything written by anybody in regard to A.D. 70 and the fall of Jerusalem (simply skim through the pages at the Preterist Archive).
- 2017: Wyatt Houtz: Jürgen Moltmann on the End of Time and Eternity
- F.F. Bruce Study Archive
- 1649: David Dixon, A Short Explanation of the Epistle of Paul to the Hebrews (PDF)
- 1787: James MacKnight, A New Literal Translation from the Original of Paul’s First and Second Epistles to the Thessalonians (PDF)
- 1799: Charles Leslie, The Truth of Christianity, Demonstrated in a Dialogue Betwixt a Christian and a Deist, Wherein the Case of the Jews is Considered (PDF)
- 1865: Richard Shimeall, Christ’s Second Coming: Is it Premillennial or Postmillennial? (PDF)
- 1886-1894: Jacques Tissot, La prédication de la ruine du Temple
- 1958: F.F. Bruce, Eschatology (PDF)
- 1966: F.F. Bruce, The Dead Sea Scrolls and Christianity (PDF)
- 1976: F.F. Bruce, Lessons from the Early Church (PDF)
- 1977: F.F. Bruce, The Primary and Plenary Senses (PDF)
- 1989: F.F. Bruce, Eschatology, Understanding the End of Days (PDF)
- 1989: Interview with F.F. Bruce (PDF)
- 2003: Paul Gibbs, Eschatology in the Gospel of John: Realized or Unrealized? (PDF)
- 2005: Seth Turner, Revelation 11: A History of Interpretation (PDF)
- 2008: Tim Ayers, The Law of Moses and the AD70 Doctrine (PDF)
- 2009: Morris Bowers, The AD70 Doctrine and Realized Eschatology – Sample (PDF)
- 2009: R.S. Clarke, The Maximalist Hermeneutics of James B. Jordan (PDF)
- 2011: Kevin Kay, Realized Eschatology (PDF)
- 2011: Elizabeth Mburu, Realized Eschatology in the Soteriology of John’s Gospel (PDF)
- 2014: Phumlani Majola, The Relationship Between Eschatological Hope and Christian Mission in the Theology of Moltmann (PDF)
- Realized Eschatology Study Archive – According to Dodd, the early church believed that the kingdom was here and now.
- Realized Eschatology – New Category
- C.H. Dodd Study Archive (Realized Eschatology) The first advent of Jesus fulfilled all eschatology. On the basis of this, all prophecy has already been fulfilled, and that, consequently, no teaching of the Bible is concerned with anything beyond the apostolic age.
- BC0830: Mesha Stele (Moabite Stone) The inscription reads like a leaf taken out of a lost book of Chronicles. The expressions are the same; the names of gods, kings and of towns are the same.
- 1810: M. Seetzen, A Brief Account of the Countries around Lake Tiberias, the River Jordan, and the Dead Sea (PDF)
- 1870: Prof. Rawlinson, The Moabite Stone (PDF)
- 1872: W.P, Walsh, Two Lectures on the Moabite Stone (PDF)
- 1873: John Colenso, The Pentetuch and the Moabite Stone (PDF)
- 1875: Captain Renczynski, The Moabite Stone with a Decree by the King (PDF)
- 1878: James King, Moab’s Patriarchal Stone (PDF)
- 2005: Scott Hahn, Worship in the Word: Toward a Liturgical Hermeneutic (PDF)
St. Paul Center for Biblical Theology
- 2018: Sam Frost, Critique of Stevens’ View of Resurrection
- D.A. Carson Study Archive
- OSL: Home of the REAL Douay-Rheims Bible
- Audio: D.A. Carson, Lectures on the Book of Revelation
- 0067-0100: The Odes of Solomon – According to Harnack, then, the Odes were originally composed by a Jewish mystic, somewhere in the period between 50 B.C. and A.D. 67, and were re-handled by a Christian mystic about the year A.D. 100. This is very nearly the date arrived at by ourselves for the completed volume
- 1975: D.A. Carson, The Nature of the Kingdom (PDF)
- 1975: D.A. Carson, Dictionary: Escape/Flee (PDF)
- 1976: D.A. Carson, Review: On Hengel (PDF)
- 1976: D.A. Carson, Review: On Ladd (PDF)
- 1976: D.A. Carson, Review: Two Views of John (PDF)
- 1976: D.A. Carson, Current Source Criticism of the Fourth Gospel (PDF)
- 1979: D.A. Carson, The Function of the Paraclete (PDF)
- 1980: D.A. Carson, Adam in the Epistles of Paul (PDF)
- 1980: D.A. Carson, Hermeneutics: A Brief Assessment of Recent Trends(PDF)
- 1981: D.A. Carson, Divine Sovereignty in Philo (PDF)
- 1981: D.A. Carson, Hermeneutics: A Brief Assessment of Recent Trends (PDF)
- 1981: D.A. Carson, Historical Tradition in the Fourth Gospel: After Dodd, What? | Reformatted (PDF)
- 1983: D.A. Carson, Redaction Criticism: On the Legitimacy and Illegitimacy of a Literary Tool (PDF)
- 1986: D.A. Carson, Recent Developments in the Doctrine of Scripture(PDF)
- 1987: D.A. Carson, The Purpose of the Fourth Gospel: John 20:31 (PDF)
- 1987: D.A. Carson, Waiting for the Kingdom and the King (PDF)
- 1992: D.A. Carson, The Purpose of Signs and Wonders in the New Testament (PDF)
- 1994: D.A. Carson, A Test Case on the Basis of Q in the Synoptic Problem
- 1994: D.A. Carson, The Three Witnesses and the Eschatology of First John
- 1995: D.A. Carson, Jesus, the Temple of God (PDF)
- 1995: D.A. Carson, Review: On N.T. Wright (PDF)
- 2000: D.A. Carson, Pseduonymity and Pseudepigraphy | Reformatted(PDF)
- 2008: D.A. Carson, SBJT Forum on the Kingdom(PDF)
- 2010: D.A. Carson, From the Resurrection to His Return (PDF)
- 1970: John Walvoord: Realized Eschatology Three major areas of Dodd’s contribution need to be examined: (1) Dodd’s concept of eschaton in relation to history and time, (2) the nature and content of the kerygma, and (3) the resulting theological concept related to realized eschatology.
- 1920 PDF: Rendel Harris, The Odes and Psalms of Solomon
- 1959: W.G. Kümmel: Futuristic and Realized Eschatology in the Earliest Stages of Christianity the determinative role that the expectation of an early coming of God’s kingly rule and of the new age played in the thought of Jesus and of Paul.
- 2009: Fred Sanders, C.H. Dodd and Realized Eschatology
- 2013: Steve Hays: MacArthurite Preterists (Charismata and Cessationism) – One other fallback position would be to renounce their premillennialism for preterism. They could then say the charismata terminated in the 1C because Christ returned in the 1C, appearances to the contrary not withstanding.
- F.D. Maurice Study Archive
- OSL: Comprehensive Bibliography of Syriac Christianity
- 0450-0600: Zenas The Lawyer, The Apocryphal Acts of Titus ( ECF)
- 1846 PDF: F.D. Maurice, Epistle to the Hebrews
- 1853 PDF: F.D. Maurice, Sermons on the Sabbath
- 1854 PDF: F.D. Maurice, Conclusion to Theological Essays
- 1854 PDF: F.D. Maurice, The Word “Eternal” and the Punishment of the World
- 1857 PDF: F.D. Maurice, The Epistles of John – Last Things
- 1859 PDF: F.D. Maurice, What is Revelation?
- 1860 PDF: F.D. Maurice, Sequel to What is Revelation?
- 1884 PDF: Lipsius, Der Apokryphena, V1 – Acts of Timothy (pp. 372-400) and Acts of Titus (pp. 401-406)
- 2014: Kurschner and Hays, Preterism’s Literalistic Interpretation of Jesus is Coming “Soon” (En Tachei)
- 2016: Burke and Landau, New Testament Apocrypha: More Noncanonical Scriptures | Introduction (PDF) – The Acts of Titus (pp. 406-415, ed. Richard I. Pervo) survives and was composed in Greek. Its current form seems to date from the early seventh century, but this is probably an abbreviation of a longer life of Titus composed in the late fifth century. Pervo regards this work to be more a “hagiographical biography” than an apocryphal acts. It draws on traditions about Titus in the New Testament and the Acts of Paul. It also traces Titus’ lineage to Minos, King of Crete. Showing unusual sympathy for Jews for an early Christian document, it has an influential relative of Titus protect those in Crete from any consequences arising from the Judean revolt against Rome.”
- Willibald Beyschlag Study Archive
- ECF: Early Church Fathers Bibliography (PDF)
- d.0105: Biography of St. Simeon of Jerusalem (PDF) Tradition says that, like Lot in Sodom, Simeon was supernaturally warned of the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans in AD 66, and withdrew with many fellow−Christians to the small city of Pella, where they remained until it was safe for them to return to Jerusalem after its destruction in AD 70.
- 0312 PDF: Eusebius, The Proof of the Gospel, Being the Demonstratio Evangelica of Eusebius of Caesarea, Digital Edition | 1920 Ferrar
- 0339 PDF: Eusebius of Caesarea, Life of Constantine
- 0356-362 PDF: Life of St. Antony by St. Athanasius
- 1888 PDF: G.A. Henty, For the Temple: A Tale of the Fall of Jerusalem, First Edition
- 1903 PDF: George Barker Stevens, The Theology of the New Testament, with attention to the work of Beyschlag
- 1925 PDF: Robert Casey. Clement of Alexandria and the Beginnings of Christian Platonism
- 2018: Alan Bradley, Anthropic View of Eschatology (Chart) – I see the out-working of the divine plan through the lenses of its OBJECTIVE aspects and SUBJECTIVE aspects.
- Christian ZIonism Study Archive
- Clement of Rome Study Archive – Most modern critics suppose him to have been the Titus Flavius Clemens, brother of the Emperor Vespasian, and first cousin to the Emperor Domitian
- John Arthur Thomas Robinson Study Archive – It is indeed generally agreed that this passage must bespeak a pre-70 situation. . . . There seems therefore no reason why the oracle should not have been uttered by a Christian prophet as the doom of the city drew nigh.
- OSL: Rome Across Europe
- OSL: QUORA, Who was the best Roman Emperor between Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian?
- 1730: R.W., Annotations on the New Testament of Jesus Christ, V1 | V2
- 1890 PDF: Lightfoot’s Apostolic Fathers | V1 – Clement of Rome
- 2011: Cardinal Brandmüller: Persecuted in very recent times – The First Epistle of Clement to the Corinthians, which speaks of the persecution suffered by Christians “out of envy and jealousy”, was written not long after the death of Nero, and therefore very few years after the martyrdom of Saints Peter and Paul in Rome.
- 2013: AlterNet, God’s Foreign Policy: Christian Zionism – When John Hagee, Sarah Palin or Mike Huckabee talk about the “ingathering,” they’re using coded language that refers to the Christian Zionist yearning for a battle—which may come in the form of a nuclear holocaust.
- 2015: RAE Ancient Rome, The Rise and Fall of an Empire: Nero
- 2015: RAE Life of Titus, Titus, the Early Life | Titus, the Military Commander | Titus, the Emperor and Legacy | The Arch of Titus
- 2018 VIDEO: JaysAnalysis.com, Incarnation of the Logos – St. Athanasius (Partial Lecture) | Added to Athanasius Study Archive
- G.K. Beale Study Archive (Amillennial Preterist Idealism)
- G.R. Beasley-Murray Study Archive (Realized Eschatology)
- New Facebook Group: Preterist Idealism
- 1946 PDF: G.R. Beasley-Murray, The Relation of the Fourth Gospel to the Apocalypse
- 1948 PDF: G.R. Beasley-Murray, Apocalyptic Literature and the Book of Revelation
- 1951 PDF: G.R. Beasley-Murray, The Second Coming in the Book of Revelation
- 1974 PDF: G.R. Beasley-Murray, How Christian is the Book of Revelation?
- 1987 PDF: G.R. Beasley-Murray, Jesus and the Kingdom of God
- 1992 PDF: G.R. Beasley-Murray, The Kingdom of God in the Teaching of Jesus
- 1992 PDF: Craig Blomberg, A Response to Beasley-Murray on the Kingdom
- 1999: G.K. Beale, Peace and Mercy Upon the Israel of God: The Old Testament Background in Galatians 6:16 – The analysis confirms those prior studies which have concluded that “the Israel of God” refers to all Christians in Galatia, whether Jewish or Christian.
- 1999 PDF: Craig Koester, Review of Beale’s Temple and the Church’s Mission
- 2001 PDF: D. Moody Smith, Johannine Studies Since Bultmann
- 2002 PDF: Paul Beasley-Murray, Fearless for Truth: Chapter One
- 2005 PDF: Craig Evans, Inaugurating the Kingdom of God and Defeating the Kingdom of Satan
- Hosea Ballou Study Archive (Preterist Universalism)
- OSL: Christian Zionism Article Archive
- 1804 PDF: Hosea Ballou, Notes on the Parables (1822 Ed.) – Will the reader now say that all this may be, and that both Daniel and the Saviour were speaking of the resurrection of mankind to a state of immortal happiness and misery in a future world? To this we reply, when Jesus spoke to his disciples of the destruction of Jerusalem and of the calamities which should shortly come on the Jews, he uses the words of Daniel nearly verbatim, when he speaks of the time of trouble. By this circumstance we are instructed that both Daniel and the Saviour spake of the same time and of the same events, and that time was, when Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans.
- 1805 PDF: Hosea Ballou, Treatise on the Atonement – And having satisfied our minds respecting the time of the coming of the Son of man to judge and reward men according to their works, and being assured that that event took place when Jerusalem was destroyed, and the Jews dispersed; it remains an easy task to settle the question respecting the meaning and fulfillment of all the passages in the New Testament which speak of that judgment, and the awful calamities which fell on the people. But we must always keep in mind the fact that all those scriptures were fulfilled in that generation in which Jesus and his disciples lived.
- 1832 PDF: Albert Barnes, Notes on the Gospels of Matthew and Mark
- 1842 PDF: Philemon Russell, A Series of Letters to a Universalist – Well, now, did the Jewish nation experience such a resurrection at the time of the destruction of Jerusalem ? Look at it. Think it over. Did the Jewish nation, or any considerable portion of them, experience a happy change in their moral characters ? Were they then raised by the Roman army that destroyed their city and temple? or by the gospel, or by any other means, from a life of sin to a life of holiness ? With the history of that bloody siege before you, you dare not answer in the affirmative. So far were the Jews from experiencing any moral resurrection, properly so called, at the destruction of Jerusalem, that, according to Josephus, their moral blindness and infatuation were amazing in the highest degree.— They seemed to have been lost to all moral sensibility, and madly plunged into their graves, instead of coming forth from them to a moral resurrection.
- 1977: Robert L. Pierce, The Rapture Cult: Religious Zeal and Political Conspiracy – If we are to conclude that the book of Revelation was indeed written as an urgent coded warning to the Christians of the first century, what then was the message? It warned of two things. One was the impending destruction of the City of Jerusalem and the Jewish theocratic state; the other was the impending persecution of Christians by the Roman Empire.
- 2007: Kurt Simmons, The Attack on Full Preterism, Death was Destroyed in AD70? – there is, indeed, an historical connection between full Preterism and Universalism. (But then this is true of every other sect as well.) The historical connection between Preterism and Universalism has now been documented by Todd Dennis
- Barnabas Study Archive (Early Christian Preterism)
- Albert Barnes Study Archive (Modern Preterism)
- Greg L. Bahnsen Study Archive (Modern Preterism)
- Augustine of Hippo Study Archive (Early Christian Preterism)
- Karl August Auberlen Study Archive
- Bishop William Newcome Study Archive (Modern Preterism)
- OSL: Rebuild Your Biblical World-View
- 1730 PDF: Nathaniel Lardner: A Collection of Jewish and Heathen Testimonies to the Truth of the Christian Religion, V1 | V2 | V3
1763: David Durell, The Hebrew text of the parallel prophecies of Jacob and Moses relating to the twelve tribes – Christ’s Second Coming, and the Dissolution of the Jewish State are one and the same Thing… The Destruction of Jerusalem by Vespasian, which put an end to the Jewish Government, is well known in Scripture by Christ’s, or the Son of Man’s, Coming
- 1763 PDF: David Durell, The Hebrew text of the parallel prophecies of Jacob and Moses relating to the twelve tribes
- 1808 PDF: William Newcome, The New Testament in an Improved Edition – With Notes From Modern Preterists Michaelis, Pearce, Newcome, Le Clerc, Grotius, Wetstein, Clarke
- 1809 PDF: William Newcome, An Attempt Towards an Improved Version, a Metrical Arrangement, and an Explanation of the Twelve Minor Prophets
- 1853 PDF: William Henry Scott, The Interpretation of the Apocalypse – The ten horns are, in reality, not kingdoms, but individual kings; namely, the ten first in the series of Roman emperors; and the eleventh, or little horn, is Titus, who destroyed Jerusalem in the reign of his father, Vespasian, the tenth emperor.
- 1864 PDF: Sylvanus Cobb, (Preterist) Commentary on the New Testament – They inquired concerning one general event only, its time, and the premonitory signs. They associated in their minds as contemporaneous, the destruction of Jerusalem, a special coming of Christ, and the end of the Jewish age. Accordingly the sense of their questions is, when shall these things be, to wit, thy coming, and the dissolution of this city and temple, or end of the age and what shall be the sign of their approach?
- 1890-96 PDF: Emil Schurer, History of the Jewish People in the Time of Jesus Christ, D1-V1 | D1-V2 | D2-V1 | D2-V2 | D2-V3
- 1977: Greg Bahnsen, The Prima Facie Acceptability of Postmillennialism
- 1984: Greg Bahnsen, The Historical Setting of the Writing of Revelation
- 1994: Greg Bahnsen, Not All of Israel is Israel
- 2012: Sarah Elizabeth, Research on Preterism (Saving for future harvesting work)
- 2014 PDF: John Noē, Unraveling the End: A Biblical Synthesis of Four Competing and Conflicting End-time Views A theological paper presented at the 59th Annual Midwest Regional Evangelical Theological Society Meeting
- Searching – 1839: Thomas Arnold, Two Sermons on Prophecy – There is no doubt that the prophecy contained in the twenty-fourth and twenty-fifth chapters of St. Matthew’s Gospel relates historically to the destruction of Jerusalem. The false Christs, the wars and rumours of wars, the famines, pestilences, and earthquakes, the persecution of Christ’s servants, the great spread of the knowledge of His Gospel, have been all recognised as fulfilled up to a certain point in the actual history of the period between our Lord’s resurrection and the year 70.”
- Arethas of Caesarea Study Archive (Early Christian Preterism)
- Athanasius of Alexandria Study Archive (Early Christian Preterism)
- Sermon Audio: Sermons on Mark 13
- OSL: Middleism.com – Preterist-Critical Articles
- OSL: Patrologica Graeca – All 148 Volumes
- Patrologiae Cursus Completus: Series Graeca
- 1802 PDF: John Chappel Woodhouse, Johann David Michaelis, The Evidence for the Authenticity and Divine Inspiration of the Apocalypse
- 1826 PDF: Patrologica Graeca, Volume 106 – Andrew of Caesarea in Cappadocia, Commentarius in Apocalypsin; Arethas his successor
- 1906 PDF: Henry Barclay Swete, The Apocalypse of John: The Greek Text, 1E – 1906 | 3E – 1917
- 1999 PDF: Mark Elliott, Eschatology Towards the End of the First Millennium
- 2008: Jay Rogers: Rebuttal to Dispensational Premillennialism
- 2012 PDF: Bishop Cyprian, The Orthodox Church and Eschatological Frenzy
- 2018: Jay Rogers, New Book: In the Days of These Kings This comprehensive work offers a fascinating look at the book of Daniel in preterist perspective. Great attention is paid to the writings of ancient and modern historians and scholars to connect the dots and demonstrate the continuity of Daniel’s prophecy with all of Scripture.
- 2018: Steven Whitsett, IBV? I Think You Have a Severe Problem Every preterist who holds to a literal changing of the saint has to deny the testimony of the ECF and history and rewrite it because everything about it disprove their paradigm. Its becomes the biggest scam in the world. It just didn’t happen in AD 70.
- Andreas of Caesarea Study Archive (Early Christian Preterism)
- Thomas Aquinas Study Archive (Historical Preterism)
- OSL: Comentário Preterista do Brasil
- 2001 PDF: Hans Forster, 7Q5 – A Challenge for Textual Criticism?
- 2001 PDF: Rudi te Velde, Christian Eschatology and the End of Time in Aquinas
- 2004 PDF: Matthew Lamb, The Eschatology of Aquinas
- 2007: Orange Mailman: What if I am a Preterist? “I am a Futurist, and now you understand the reasons why. While Preterists can make some good points concerning 70 A.D. fulfillment, the coming of the Son of Man, the Great Tribulation, the Abomination of Desolation, the Gathering of the Elect, the signs in the sun, moon, and stars, all these remain yet in the future.”
- 2009: Scot McKnight: The Future of Christian Eschatology – Complete “the subject matter of this discourse, as shaped by the questions, is about the destruction of Jerusalem – not the end of the world some 2000+ years down the road; and second, the disciples, at least, think the destruction will lead somehow into the consummation.”
- 2015 Video: Dead Sea Scrolls prove most of the New Testament Predates 70 AD
- Henry Alford Study Archive (Historical Preterism)
- Ambrose of Milan Study Archive (Pseudo-Hegesippus)
- BibleHub: Instances of Famines Before the Destruction of Jerusalem
- BibleProbe: Rebuilding the Temple in AD 363. The Third Temple – Will it be Rebuilt?
- FreeRepublic: Discussion on Preterism & the Date of the Apocalypse
- OSL: ForgottenBooks.com
- 0073: The Letter of Mara, Son of Serapion Possibly the earliest known post-AD70 work to correlate the fall of Jerusalem to the death of Jesus
- 1881: H. Grattan Guinness: Interpretation of the Prophecies in Pre-Reformation Times
- 1886 PDF: H. Grattan Guinness, Romanism and the Reformation From the Standpoint of Prophecy
- 2015: Richard Beck: Dry Bones, You Shall Live: Preterism and the Resurrection of the Dead “while most things were fulfilled in AD 70 there remain a few things still left for the future, like the second coming (as traditionally understood) and the general resurrection of the dead.”
- Jay E. Adams Study Archive (Modern Preterism)
- Luis Alcasar Study Archive (Modern Preterism)
- OSL: American Vision Eschatology Resource Guide
- OSL: ChristianForums on Preterism.
- 1840 PDF: Henry Milman, The History of Christianity, V1 | V2 | V3
- 1853 PDF: William Scott, The Interpretation of the Apocalypse “The sixth Seal represents the fall of Jerusalem; the sixth Trumpet and Vial the fall of Rome properly so called (though the proof of this being so must be reserved for another place); again, the sixth of the ” seven kings ” is Nero, the great tyrant and persecutor of the Christian Church”
- 1998: Timothy Weber: How Evangelicals Became Israel’s Best Friend, with Responses “The close tie between evangelicals and Israel is important: It has shaped popular opinion in America and, to some extent, U.S. foreign policy. To understand how it developed, one must know something about how many evangelicals interpret Bible prophecy and what difference their beliefs have made in the world of politics.”
- BIB: 2004: Daniel E Almonz, The Apocalyptic Rapture Exodus “Another example of a combinational approach to preterism is that of conservative preterism. Of the two widely accepted forms of preterism today, the more conservative form admits some Biblical prophecies concerning the literal and physical return of Jesus to this earth are still future. Conservative preterists will perhaps interpret most prophecies about the coming of Jesus symbolicly of Jerusalem’s A.D. 70 desolation. Conservative preterism could be considered a combination of preterism and futurism. The interpretations of the prophecies about the future return of Jesus which are interpreted as being fulfilled in A.D. 70 are preterist, but the other prophecies which are construed to be about a literal future return of the Messiah to earth could be considered futurist.”
- 2004 PDF: Mike Stallard, Weber’s On the Road to Armageddon Reviewed
- BIB: 2007: Victoria Clarke, Allies for Armageddon: The Rise of Christian Zionism “Guided by a literal reading of the prophetic sections of the Bible, Christian Zionists are convinced that the world is hurtling toward a final Battle of Armageddon. They believe that war in the Middle East is God’s will for the region. In this timely book, Victoria Clark first explores the 400-year history of this powerful political ideology, laying to rest the idea that Christian Zionism is a passing craze or the province of a lunatic fringe. Then Clark surveys the contemporary Christian Zionist scene in Israel and in the United States, where the influence of the religious fundamentalists has never been greater.”
- 2014: Billy Hallowell, Is the Rapture Biblical — and Will Non-Christians Really Be ‘Left Behind’? Theologians Battle Over End Times Prophecy “Hanegraaff argued that John wasn’t speaking about the 21st century. “When Jesus says that the apocalypse will soon take place and that the time is near … his words are meant to convey the events in the future,” he said. “If he wanted to say that 2,000 years later he could easily do that, but instead, he said the time is soon and the time is near so it has to do what is happening to the Seven Churches that God is circulating the letters to”
- 2014: Joseph Mattera: 3 Last-Days Views That Lead to Massive Deception “Although I agree with some form of preterism (for example, many of the prophecies of Matthew 24 and the book of Revelation were fulfilled with the destruction of the temple in A.D. 70), the problems I have with this view regarding eschatology are the following”
- 2014 Video: Christian Author Shatters The “Left Behind” Theory
- Firmin Abauzit Study Archive (Modern Preterism)
- 1814 PDF: J.D. Michaelis, Commentaries on the Laws of Moses, V1 | V2| V3 | V4
- 1827 PDF: Moses Stuart, Dissertations on the Original Languages of the Bible
- 2015: Graham Land, 66 AD: Was the Great Jewish Revolt Against Rome a Preventable Tragedy? “Estimates of Jewish deaths in the 3 years of the Great Revolt are generally in the hundreds of thousands and even as high as 1 million, though there are no reliable numbers.”
- New Sidebars for all Study Archives
- 1733 PDF: Isaac Newton, Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel and the Apocalypse of John
- 1999 PDF: N.H. Taylor, Early Christian Expectation Concerning the Return of Jesus
- 2006 PDF: David Padfield, The Book of Revelation – A Preterist Overview
- 2007 PDF: Robert Lowry, Matthew 24 – A Case Study in Interpreting the Obscure by the Clear
- 2014: Daily Telegraph: Two Millennia after the Sack of Jerusalem, what does History tell us? “Joseph, or Josephus as be became known, lived through the most turbulent period of the Jewish-Roman wars, and — to the joy of later historians — loved writing as much as he enjoyed talking about himself. He had a very high opinion of everything he did, and clearly saw himself at the centre of events. That said, his boastful personality is inextricably linked to the extraordinary life he led, and to his unique closeness to the decision makers on both sides of the war. Whatever one thinks of his character or actions, his eye for detail and his fascination with the politics driving Rome and Jerusalem make him one of the most immediate and exciting writers of the first century.”
- 2014: David Turner: Christian Insecurity: The Problem of the Second Coming “If Paul, the “father” of the religion was wrong about Jesus Return then where does that leave Paul’s promise of Eternal Life in Jesus? And if even Jesus, Son of God and the Christ was mistaken… Does Christianity just come down to a roll of dice, another instance of Pascal’s Wager? “
- 2014: Michael Youssef: The Antichrist and the Muslim Mahdi “Since the Temple was destroyed in 70 A.D., as Jesus predicted, this has led some (not all Christians) to suggest that the Jewish Temple must be rebuilt on Temple Mount before the Antichrist can be revealed to the world.”
- OSL: RevelationRevolution.org
- 1935 PDF: David L. Cooper, Future Events Revealed According to Matthew 24 and 25 “Luke 21:20-24 gives a definite answer to the first question, when these things will be. When Jerusalem is encompassed by armies–not simply when a foreign foe invades the land–you can know, Jesus declared, that the prediction concerning the destruction of the Temple and of the city will be fulfilled. As we have seen, this prophecy came to pass in the year 70 A.D.”
- 2015: Steve Gray: The End of the Age: Are We Simply Misunderstanding Matthew 24? “I personally believe that most of the chapter is about the temple’s destruction. The destruction of the temple was the end of an age for them.”
- 2015: Peter Leithart: Quadrigizing Revelation “These varied readings can seem so divergent that it’s difficult to see that they are reading the same book. But I think most of the different views can be harmonized by a typological preterist reading; or, to use a more traditional designation, by an application of the quadriga.”
- 2015: Zachary Maxcey: Preterism: Undermining the Protestant Reformation “one of the most prominent teachings of all forms of preterism is that the Antichrist was the Roman emperor Nero who persecuted the first-century Church and committed suicide in A.D. 68. Hypothetically speaking, had the Reformers been preterists, the Protestant Reformation would have never happened.”
- 2015 PDF: David Pack, Is a Secret Rapture in the Bible?
- 2015: Archaeologists Uncover Possible Royal Escape Tunnel at Biblical Site “Excavations of the remains of the later city, that of Bethsaida, have yielded numerous finds confirming the site’s occupation during the time of Jesus and his disciples and after their deaths, such as a Roman temple and associated artifacts dated to the early 1st century CE, other structures, fishing and cooking implements, and coins. Most recently, in 2014, a rare Judaea capta coin was discovered, a coin minted by Emperor Domitian between 81 and 96 CE to commemorate the conquest of Judaea and destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE by emperors Vespasian and Titus.”
- 2015: Stephen Rutenberg: A Different Perspective on the New Israel Fund Controversy “On Tisha Ba’v in the year 70 CE, the temple was burned and the population massacred or taken as slaves. On this story the Talmud states that as a consequence of senseless hatred, the temple was destroyed.”
- 2009: Adam Maarschalk: The Historical Events Leading Up to 70 AD
- 2015: Gary DeMar: Dispensationalism’s Future Jewish Holocaust Problem “The worst possible allies for the Jewish state are the fundamentalist Christians who want Jews to die and convert so they can bring on the second coming of their Lord.”
- 2015: Roger Pearse: “His blood be upon us”: The use of Mt.27:25 and Acts 4:10 in patristic writers
2015: Nathan Jones, The End Times Sign of Jerusalem: Vespasian’s Victory “How accurately did Jesus foretell the fall of Jerusalem in 70 AD? In this “The Truth Will Set You Free” TWave Radio episode, Pastor Vic Batista and I will look at the ninth end times sign related to Jerusalem prophesied by Jesus in Luke 21:20-24.”
- 1465: Eustache Marcadé, Mystère de la Vengeance de Nostre Seigneur Ihesu Crist “And the folk of Jerusalem must make many varied and strange gestures, as people who are terrified by these marvels that they see above them. Then Ysacar says to Ysmael, in a very frightened manner.”
- 1870 PDF: Madame La Grange, The Last Days of Jerusalem
- 2018 PDF: Yolande Erasmus, An Urgent Call to the Army of the Lord Jesus Christ “Interpreting the coming of Jesus in judgment of the Jewish nation as prophesied Matthew 24 is to be an historic event that happened in 70 AD, but then seeing the New Jerusalem and the rule of Christ on earth unfolding, is therefore a precise and consistent interpretation of Scripture.”
- Chrysostom Study Archive “Did all the vengeance come upon that generation? It is quite plain that it was so, and no man gainsays it.”
- 1731 PDF: Joannis Clericus, Veteris Testamenti Prophetae ab Esaia ad Malachiam (Latin)
- 1792 PDF: Nehemiah Nisbett, The Scriptural Doctrine Concerning the Coming of Christ, V1
- 1802 PDF: Annual Review, Theology, including Nisbett and Michaelis
- 1802 PDF, Nehemiah Nisbett, The Triumphs of Christianity over Infidelity
- 1812 PDF: Nehemiah Nisbett, Letter illustrative of the Gospel History, and of the Epistles
- 1841 PDF: J.W. Brooks, A List of the Principle Books on the Subject of Prophecy
- 1844 PDF: Edward Bickersteth, A Practical Guide to the Prophecies, with Respect to their Interpretation and Fulfillment
- 1854 PDF: Fr. S. Lemo, Die Belagerung und Zerstörung Jerusalems im Jahre 70 nach Christi Geburt: eine geschichtliche Skizze nach Flavius Josephus (German)
- 1785 PDF: Richard Watson, An Essay Concerning the Unity of Sense; to show that no text of Scripture has more than one single sense “Upon the whole: our Saviour’s discourse [Matth. xxiv. 1-35] relates to what was to come to pass during that generation. And, therefore, must relate to the destruction of Jerusalem only, and cannot relate to the day of judgement, and to the end of the world. In the former sense, it was fully accomplished, and does not now remain to be accomplished.”
- 1994 PDF: Henk Jan de Jonge, Grotius’ View of the Gospels and the Evangelists “Grotius tned to understand the Gospels as documents of the first Century CE, not as ammunition for defending a seventeenth-century theological position”
- 2004 PDF: Francis X. Gumerlock, Millennialism and the Early Church Councils: Was Chiliasm Condemned at Constantinople? “Regardless of whether Apollinaris was a chiliast or not, from the records of the Council of Constantinople there is no evidence that Apollinaris’ eschatology was even discussed at the council, much less his alleged chiliasm the subject of condemnation.”
- 2016: Chuck Cisco, Yes there were gifts of the Spirit after AD70“Many full preterists started as cessationists from the Church of Christ or other similar groups, and to be honest that lens caused them to find what they were looking for. But as you can see, the Bible teaches an increasing kingdom with the miracle power of God working throughout this age.
HIGHLIGHTS FROM 2015
Corey Shultz Interview Series (2015) Shultz interviews various present and former members of the Preterist community:
- Tina Rae Collins – Agnostic
- Todd Dennis – Preterist Idealism
- Roderick Edwards – Former Preterist
- Larry Siegle – Covenant Eschatology
- Rivers of Eden – Preterism
- Mark Mountjoy – Atavist Bible Eschatology
James Murray of Torquay (1868) The Force of the Chronological Interpretation of Prophecy, Viewed in the Light of Apostolic Facts, and of the True Genius of Christianity, Relating to the End of the World, and the Coming of the Son of Man. An Answer to the Chronological Weakness of Prophetic Interpretation, by a Beneficed Clergyman of the Church of England “It is manifest that these warnings and encouragements had reference to the same events, to the consolations and deliverance to be experienced by the then living saints, from those that “troubled them” at the period of the destruction of Jerusalem, in James’ day so near at hand, as that he could say, “the Judge standeth before the door.” The limit of all this was the destruction of Jerusalem. What did the destruction of Jerusalem mean? What does it still teach?” (ibid, 21)
Exhaustive List of Mt. 27:25 in Patristic Writers: “the most interesting reference is one in ps.Cyprian, which reveals that, rather than Christians taunting Jews as Christ-killers, some Jewish polemicists were not above taunting the Christians with the fact that the Jews had put the god of the Christians to death! No doubt while Christianity was illegal, and Judaism was not, such incidents did take place. Once Christianity was legal, and favoured by emperor after emperor, the boot was on the other foot.”
Origen, Commentary on Matthew. “And what was more unseemly than the fact, that they all said in His case, “Crucify Him, crucify Him,” and “Away with such a fellow from the earth”? And can this be freed from the charge of unseemliness, “His blood be upon us, and upon our children”? Wherefore, when He was avenged, Jerusalem was compassed with armies, and its desolation was near, and their house was taken away from it, and “the daughter of Zion was left as a booth in a vineyard, and as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers, and as a besieged city.” (Book 14, ch. 19)
Chrysostom on Hebrews 9:11 Of good things to come (τῶν γενομένων ἀγαθῶν)
F.F. Bruce “But now Christ has appeared as high priest of the good things which have come to pass (The majority reading is “the good things that are to come”, but the weight of the evidence favors “the good things that have come” (so P.46 B D* 1611 1739 2005 with the Syriac versions, Chrysostom, and Cyril of Jerusalem).
Vincent’s “According to this reading the A.V. is wrong. It should be “of the good things realized,” or that have come to pass. The A.V. follows the reading μελλόντων about to be. So Tischendorf and Rev. T. Weiss with Westcott and Hort read γενομένων. Blessings not merely prophetic or objects of hope, but actually attained; free approach to God, the better covenant, personal communion with God, the purging of the conscience.”
Chrysostom: “Christ foretold many things. If those former things did not come to pass, then do not believe them; but if they all came to pass, why doubt concerning those that remain? And indeed, it were very unreasonable, nothing having come to pass, to believe the one, or when all has come to pass, to disbelieve the others.
But I will make the matter more plain by an example. Christ said, that Jerusalem should be taken, and should be so taken as no city ever was before, and that it should never be raised up: and in fact this prediction came to pass. He said, that there should be “great tribulation” (Matthew 24:21), and it came to pass. He said that a grain of mustard seed is sown, so should the preaching [of the Gospel] be extended: and every day we see this running over the world. He said, that they who left father or mother, or brethren, or sisters, should have both fathers and mothers; And this we see fulfilled by facts. He said, “in the world ye shall have tribulation, but be of good cheer, I have overcome the world” (John 16:33), that is, no man shall get the better of you. And this we see by the events has come to pass.”
Francis X. Gummerlock: Revelation and the First Century – Among the many new insights gained in this book, you will read from many early and medieval Christians who believed:
John wrote Revelation before A.D. 70
“The hour of testing” (Rev 3:10) occurred immediately after the death of Nero
The Emperor Titus was one of the horsemen of the Apocalypse
The seal and trumpet judgments were fulfilled in the Roman-Judean war
The Roman Emperor Nero was the beast of Revelation 13
Nero’s name was used in calculation of the number of the beast, 666
Perhaps even more impressive, Dr. Gumerlock has combed through dozens of ancient manuscripts that have never before been translated into English. Revelation and the First Century will lead to a number of historical reassessments of Bible prophecy.
|John’s Revelation – “And there were noises and thundering and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such a mighty and great earthquake as had not occurred since men were on the earth.” (16:18)
Josephus – “for there broke out a prodigious storm in the night, with the utmost violence, and very strong winds, with the largest showers of rain, with continued lightnings, terrible thunderings, and amazing concussions and bellowings of the earth, that was in an earthquake. These things were a manifest indication that some destruction was coming upon men, when the system of the world was put into this disorder; and any one would guess that these wonders foreshowed some grand calamities that were coming” (“Wars of the Jews” 4:4:5)
|John’s Revelation – “Now the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. And great Babylon was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of His wrath.” (16:19)
Josephus – “it so happened that the sedition at Jerusalem was revived, and parted into three factions, and that one faction fought against the other; which partition in such evil cases may be said to be a good thing, and the effect of divine justice.” (5:1:1)
|John’s Revelation – “And great hail from heaven fell upon men, each hailstone about the weight of a talent.” (16:21)
Josephus – “Now the stones that were cast were of the weight of a talent, and were carried two furlongs and further. The blow they gave was no way to be sustained, not only by those that stood first in the way, but by those that were beyond them for a great space. As for the Jews, they at first watched the coming of the stone, for it was of a white color, and could therefore not only be perceived by the great noise it made, but could be seen also before it came by its brightness;” (5:6:3)
David Chilton: Rare David Chilton Lecture Series “The Days of Vengeance” The Days of Vengeance is an extraordinary exposition of the book of Revelation and has undoubtedly been welcomed as a cool drenching rain upon a dry, thirsty ground. Long parched and impoverished by speculative spectacularization, the evangelical scholastic wilderness can do naught but soak in Chilton’s careful and literate commentary. The Days of Vengeance is phenomenal. It is big (nearly 750 pages big, going where no commentary has dared to go before). It is brash (marshalling mountains of long forgotten evidence to the cause). It is a brazen bravura, a delight, a tour de force.
Murdock Syriac (5th Century)
“The Revelation, which was made by God to John the Evangelist, in the island of Patmos, to which he was banished by Nero the Emperor.”
Etheridge Syriac (5th Century)
THE REVELATION WHICH WAS MADE UNTO JUHANON THE EVANGELIST, FROM ALOHA, IN PATHAMON THE ISLAND, WHITHER HE HAD BEEN CAST BY NERO CAESAR.
The Annotated Parousia for Kindle: The Classic Study of New Testament Doctrine Regarding Christ’s Second Coming
All this proves to be relevant, parabolically, to Luke’s readership, a man of affluence and influence, educated, who is expected to perceive in “a history” what should be done and what should be avoided, to discern models of good and of evil, with their consequences for society as he knows it. In effect, Luke’s lesson apropos of his account of Jerusalem’s destruction is to be construed as a question prompted in the typed reader’s mind: If this is what happened to Jerusalem because of the way Jesus and those who represent him, his disciples, were treated, what will happen to my city/nation/society if he (and his followers, who stand for him) are treated similarly? What am I, as a respected man with some influence, expected to do?” (viii)
DANIEL’S WEEKS COMPLETELY FULFILLED BY AD70, TAUGHT BY WELL-RESPECTED MEN
By BENJAMIN BLAYNEY, B. D.
Origen: “The weeks of years, also, which the prophet Daniel had predicted, extending to the leadership of Christ, have been fulfilled” (Principles, 4:1:5).
Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones “Christ is fulfilling the law on the cross, and unless you interpret the cross, and Christ’s death upon it, in strict terms of the fulfilling of the law you have not the scriptural view of the death upon the cross.” (Studies in the Sermon on the Mount, p. 168)
Eusebius: “I am filled with wonder at the intellectual greatness of the emperor, who as if by divine inspiration thus expressed what the prophets had foretold concerning this monster”
BOOKS / SEARCHING…
Burlington, N.J. “Destruction of Jerusalem” (1807)
Butt, John Martin – The Revelation of St. John compared with itself, and the rest of Scripture (1804) ; A Commentary on the Prophecy of Daniel relating to the 70 Weeks (1807); A Commentary on the Last Vision of the Prophet Daniel (1808); The Divinity of the Apocalypse demonstrated by its fulfillment. (1809)
Clarke, Richard – A Discourse on the third day of the Gospel, compared with the seventh day of the Law. London (1794)
Clericus, Joan. Veteris Testamenti Prophetae ab Esaia ad Malachiam usque, ex translatione Joannis Clerici ; cum ejusdem commentario philologico &c. Amst. 1731
Cocceius, Joh. Prof. of Hebrew at Leyden. Comm. in prophetica Jeremiae et Ezekielis Amst. 1669.
Collyer, Wm. Bengo, D.D. – Lectures on Scripture Prophecy. London 1811
Corrodi, Heinrich – A critical history of Chiliasm, or opinions respeecting the millennial reign of Christ. Zurich – First published anonymously in 1781.
Eichorn, Joh. Godf. – Commentarius in Apocalypsin Johannis. Gotting. 1791.
Faber, George Stanley. The Sacred Calendar of Prophecy. London 1828 (In this work, which is the last of Mr. Faber’s of any importance, he abandons much of the interpretation which he had previously published)
Fehr, Sam. Benj. – An introduction to the right understanding and use of the Revelation of St. John (or rather of Jesus Christ) ; and as to what relates to the past, sufficiently illustrated from ecclesiastical and secular history. (Ger.) Altenburg, 1761.
Greenhill, Jos. A.M. Rector of East Horsley – An Essay on the prophecies of the New Testament which relate to the destruction of Jerusalem. Lodon. 1755.
Grotius, Hugo – Comm. ad loca quaedam Novi Test. Quae de Antichristo agunt aut agere putantur. Amst. 1640.
Park, John Ranicar ; M.D. – An amicable controversy with a Jewish Rabbi on the Messiah’s coming. (1832) ; A new exposition of the Apocalypse, so far as the prophecies are fulfilled ; to which are prefixed the history of Christianity epitomised (1834)
Rainolds, John D.D. – A discourse on the destruction of the Idumeans. 1584
Stockwood, John – A Sermon on the Destruction of Ierusalem – Printed by Tho. Dawson, 1584
Whiston, William – The Accomplishment of Scripture prophecies
Schleifer – Abdullah – The Fall of Jerusalem
Dobler, Friedrich – Die Belagerung und Zerstörung Jerusalems im Jahre 70