1 And Jesus went out, and departed from the temple: and his disciples came to him for to shew him the buildings of the temple.
24:1 Mark 13:1; Luke 21:5.
2 And Jesus said unto them, See ye not all these things? verily I say unto you, There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down.
24:2 There shall not he left one stone upon another – This was most punctually fulfilled; for after the temple was burnt, Titus, the Roman general, ordered the very foundations of it to be dug up; after which the ground on which it stood was ploughed up by Turnus Rufus.
3 And as he sat upon the mount of Olives, the disciples came unto him privately, saying, Tell us, when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world?
24:3 As he sat on the mount of Olives – Whence they had a full view of the temple. When shall these things be? And what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world? – The disciples inquire confusedly, Concerning the time of the destruction of the temple; Concerning the signs of Christ’s coming, and of the end of the world, as if they imagined these two were the same thing. Our Lord answers distinctly concerning, The destruction of the temple and city, with the signs preceding, ver. 4, and c, 15, and c. Mt 24:4,15. His own coming, and the end of the world, with the signs thereof, ver. 29 – 31. Mt 24:29 – 31. The time of the destruction of the temple, ver. 32, and c. Mt 24:32. The time of the end of the world, ver. 36. Mt 24:36.
4 And Jesus answered and said unto them, Take heed that no man deceive you.
24:4 Take heed that no man deceive you – The caution is more particularly designed for the succeeding Christians, whom the apostles then represented. The first sign of my coming is, the rise of false prophets. But it is highly probable, many of these things refer to more important events, which are yet to come.
5 For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many.
24:5 Many shall come in my name – First, false Christs, next, false prophets, Mt 24:11. At length, both together, Mt 24:24. And indeed never did so many impostors appear in the world as a few years before the destruction of Jerusalem; undoubtedly because that was the time wherein the Jews in general expected the Messiah.
6 And ye shall hear of wars and rumours of wars: see that ye be not troubled: for all these things must come to pass, but the end is not yet.
24:6 Wars – Near: Rumours of wars – At a distance. All these things must come to pass – As a foundation for lasting tranquillity. But the end – Concerning which ye inquire, is not yet – So far from it, that this is but the beginning sorrows.
7 For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in divers places.
8 All these are the beginning of sorrows.
9 Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and shall kill you: and ye shall be hated of all nations for my name’s sake.
24:9 Then shall they deliver you up to affliction – As if ye were the cause of all these evils. And ye shall he hated of all nations – Even of those who tolerate all other sects and parties; but in no nation will the children of the devil tolerate the children of God. Matt 10:17.
10 And then shall many be offended, and shall betray one another, and shall hate one another.
24:10 Then shall many he offended – So as utterly to make shipwreck of faith and a pure conscience. But hold ye fast faith, Mt 24:11. in spite of false prophets: love, even when iniquity and offences abound, Mt 24:12. And hope, unto the end, Mt 24:13. He that does so, shall be snatched out of the burning. The love of many will wax cold – The generality of those who love God will (like the Church at Ephesus, Rev 2:4,) leave their first love.
11 And many false prophets shall rise, and shall deceive many.
12 And because iniquity shall abound, the love of many shall wax cold.
13 But he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved.
24:13 Matt 10:22; Mark 13:13; Luke 21:17.
14 And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.
24:14 This Gospel shall he preached in all the world – Not universally: this is not done yet: but in general through the several parts of the world, and not only in Judea And this was done by St. Paul and the other apostles, before Jerusalem was destroyed. And then shall the end come – Of the city and temple. Josephus’s History of the Jewish War is the best commentary on this chapter . it is a wonderful instance of God’s providence, that he, an eye witness, and one who lived and died a Jew, should, especially in so extraordinary a manner, be preserved, to transmit to us a collection of important facts, which so exactly illustrate this glorious prophecy, in almost every circumstance. Mark 13:10.
15 When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:)
24:15 When ye see the abomination of desolation – Daniel’s term is, The abomination that maketh desolate, Dan 11:31; that is, the standards of the desolating legions, on which they bear the abominable images of their idols: Standing in the holy place – Not only the temple and the mountain on which it stood, but the whole city of Jerusalem, and several furlongs of land round about it, were accounted holy; particularly the mount on which our Lord now sat, and on which the Romans afterward planted their ensigns. He that readeth let him understand – Whoever reads that prophecy of Daniel, let him deeply consider it. Mark 13:14; Luke 21:20; Dan 9:27.
16 Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains:
24:16 Then let them who are in Judea flee to the mountains – So the Christians did, and were preserved. It is remarkable that after the Romans under Cestus Gallus made their first advances toward Jerusalem, they suddenly withdrew again, in a most unexpected and indeed impolitic manner. This the Christians took as a signal to retire, which they did, some to Pella, and others to Mount Libanus.
17 Let him which is on the housetop not come down to take any thing out of his house:
24:17 Let not him that is on the house top come down to take any thing out of his house – It may be remembered that their stairs used to be on the outside of their houses.
18 Neither let him which is in the field return back to take his clothes.
19 And woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck in those days!
24:19 Wo to them that are with child, and to them that give suck – Because they cannot so readily make their escape.
20 But pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the sabbath day:
24:20 Pray ye that your flight be not in the winter – They did so; and their flight was in the spring. Neither on the Sabbath – Being on many accounts inconvenient; beside that many would have scrupled to travel far on that day. For the Jews thought it unlawful to walk above two thousand paces (two miles) on the Sabbath day.
21 For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be.
24:21 Then shall be great tribulation – Have not many things spoken in the chapter , as well as in Mark 13:14 and c., Luke 21:21 and c. a farther and much more extensive meaning than has been yet fulfilled?
22 And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect’s sake those days shall be shortened.
24:22 And unless those days were shortened – By the taking of Jerusalem sooner than could be expected: No flesh would be saved – The whole nation would be destroyed. But for the elect’s sake – That is, for the sake of the Christians.
23 Then if any man shall say unto you, Lo, here is Christ, or there; believe it not.
24:23 Mark 13:21; Luke 17:23.
24 For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect.
24:24 They would deceive, if possible, the very elect – But it is not possible that God should suffer the body of Christians to be thus deceived.
25 Behold, I have told you before.
26 Wherefore if they shall say unto you, Behold, he is in the desert; go not forth: behold, he is in the secret chambers; believe it not.
27 For as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.
24:27 For as the lightning goeth forth – For the next coming of Christ will he as quick as lightning; so that there will not be time for any such previous warning.
28 For wheresoever the carcase is, there will the eagles be gathered together.
24:28 For wheresoever the carcass is, there will the eagles he gathered together – Our Lord gives this, as a farther reason, why they should not hearken to any pretended deliverer. As if he had said, Expect not any deliverer of the Jewish nation; for it is devoted to destruction. It is already before God a dead carcass, which the Roman eagles will soon devour. Luke 17:37.
29 Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:
24:29 Immediately after the tribulation of those days – Here our Lord begins to speak of his last coming. But he speaks not so much in the language of man as of God, with whom a thousand years are as one day, one moment. Many of the primitive Christians not observing this, thought he would come immediately, in the common sense of the word: a mistake which St. Paul labours to remove, in his Second Epistle to the Thessalonians. The powers of the heavens – Probably the influences of the heavenly bodies. Mark 13:24; Luke 21:25.
30 And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.
24:30 Then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven – It seems a little before he himself descends. The sun, moon, and stars being extinguished, (probably not those of our system only,) the sign of the Son of man (perhaps the cross) will appear in the glory of the Lord.
31 And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.
24:31 They shall gather together his elect – That is, all that have endured to the end in the faith which worketh by love.
32 Now learn a parable of the fig tree; When his branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves, ye know that summer is nigh:
24:32 Learn a parable – Our Lord having spoke of the signs preceding the two grand events, concerning which the apostles had inquired, begins here to speak of the time of them. And to the question proposed, Mt 24:3, concerning the time of the destruction of Jerusalem, he answers Mt 24:34. Concerning the time of the end of the world, he answers Mt 24:36. Mark 13:28; Luke 21:29.
33 So likewise ye, when ye shall see all these things, know that it is near, even at the doors.
34 Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled.
24:34 This generation of men now living shall not pass till all these things be done – The expression implies, that great part of that generation would be passed away, but not the whole. Just so it was. For the city and temple were destroyed thirty – nine or forty years after.
35 Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.
36 But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only.
24:36 But of that day – The day of judgment; Knoweth no man – Not while our Lord was on earth. Yet it might be afterward revealed to St. John consistently with this.
37 But as the days of Noe were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.
24:37 Luke 17:26.
38 For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark,
39 And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.
40 Then shall two be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left.
24:40 One is taken – Into God’s immediate protection: and one is left – To share the common calamities. Our Lord speaks as having the whole transaction present before his eyes.
41 Two women shall be grinding at the mill; the one shall be taken, and the other left.
24:41 Two women shall be grinding – Which was then a common employment of women.
42 Watch therefore: for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come.
24:42 Ye know not what hour your Lord cometh – Either to require your soul of you, or to avenge himself of this nation. Mark 13:33; Luke 12:35; 21:34.
43 But know this, that if the goodman of the house had known in what watch the thief would come, he would have watched, and would not have suffered his house to be broken up.
44 Therefore be ye also ready: for in such an hour as ye think not the Son of man cometh.
45 Who then is a faithful and wise servant, whom his lord hath made ruler over his household, to give them meat in due season?
24:45 Who then is the faithful and wise servant – Which of you aspires after this character? Wise – Every moment retaining the clearest conviction, that all he now has is only intrusted to him as a steward: Faithful – Thinking, speaking, and acting continually, in a manner suitable to that conviction.
46 Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing.
47 Verily I say unto you, That he shall make him ruler over all his goods.
48 But and if that evil servant shall say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming;
24:48 But if that evil servant – Now evil, having put away faith and a good conscience.
49 And shall begin to smite his fellowservants, and to eat and drink with the drunken;
50 The lord of that servant shall come in a day when he looketh not for him, and in an hour that he is not aware of,
51 And shall cut him asunder, and appoint him his portion with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
24:51 And allot him his portion with the hypocrites – The worst of sinners, as upright and sincere as he was once. If ministers are the persons here primarily intended, there is a peculiar propriety in the expression. For no hypocrisy can be baser, than to call ourselves ministers of Christ, while we are the slaves of avarice, ambition, or sensuality. Wherever such are found, may God reform them by his grace, or disarm them of that power and influence, which they continually abuse to his dishonour, and to their own aggravated damnation!