2015-64-Main Body-Daniel’s Seventy Weeks 9:24
9:24 | 9:25 | 9:26 | 9:27
Origen: “The weeks of years, also, which the prophet Daniel had predicted, extending to the leadership of Christ, have been fulfilled” (Principles, 4:1:5).
“Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. “
DANIEL’S WEEKS COMPLETELY FULFILLED BY AD70, TAUGHT BY WELL-RESPECTED MEN
DISSERTATION BY WAY OF
By BENJAMIN BLAYNEY, B. D.
See Also Benjamin Blayney, David Chilton, Hugo Grotius, Thomas Hayne, Benjamin Marshall, Gregory Sharpe, Herbert Thorndike // Daniel’s Seventy Weeks Study Archive
Gerard Israël and Jacques Lebar
The Targumim of the Megillot
Rabbi Judah (Main Compiler of the Talmud)
Rabbi Moses Abraham Levi
Samuel Levine (1925) – He is right, by the way..
Preteristic references include: The Epistle of Barnabas 16:6; Clement of Alexandria, Miscellanies 1:21; Tertullian, Against the Jews 8; Origen, Matthew 24:15; Julius Africanus, Chronography (relevant portions preserved in Eusebius, Preparation for the Gospel 10:10 and Demonstrations of the Gospel 8); Eusebius, Demonstrations 8; Athanasius, Incarnation 40:1
“Vespasian rose to the supreme power, and destroyed Jerusalem, and desolated the holy place. And that such are the facts of the case, is clear to him that is able to understand, as the prophet said.”
Clement of Alexandria (150-215)
“The half of the week Nero held sway, and in the holy city Jerusalem placed the abomination; and in the half of the week he was taken away, and Otho, and Galba, and Vitellius. And Vespasian rose to the supreme power, and destroyed Jerusalem, and desolated the holy place. And that such are the facts of the case, is clear to him that is able to understand, as the prophet (i.e., Daniel) said.” (Miscellanies 1:21)
“I think that the fact that the intermediate period of their primacy, during which they governed, is meant, is shewn by the words, “From the going forth of the answering and the building of Jerusalem, until Christ the governor, is seven weeks and sixty-two weeks.” And the weeks of years make 483 years added together from the reign of Cyrus up to the Roman Empire, when Pompeius (392) the Roman general attacked Jerusalem and took the city by siege, and the whole city became subject to Rome, so that thenceforward it paid taxes, and obeyed the Roman enactments.”
(c) “20. AND while I yet spake and prayed and confessed my sins and the sins of my people Israel, and casting my misery before the holy Mount of my God, 21. and while I yet spake in prayer, behold the man Gabriel, whom I had seen at the beginning came flying, and he touched me about the time of the evening sacrifice. 22. And he instructed me and spake with me, saying, O (d) Daniel, 23. I am now come forth to impart to thee understanding. At the beginning of thy supplication the word came forth, and I am come to tell thee, for thou art a man greatly beloved: therefore consider the matter, understand the vision, for thou art a man greatly beloved. 24. Seventy weeks have been decided on for thy people, and for the holy city, for sin to be ended, and to seal up transgressions, and to blot out iniquities, and to make atonement for iniquities, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal the vision and the prophecy, and to anoint the Most Holy. 25. And thou shalt know and understand, that from the going forth of the command for the answer and for the building of Jerusalem until Christ the Prince shall be seven (382) weeks, and sixty-two weeks; and then it shall return, and the street shall be built, and the wall, and the times shall be exhausted. 26. And after the sixty-two weeks, the Anointing shall be destroyed, and there is no judgment in him, and he shall destroy the city and the sanctuary together with the coming prince; they shall be cut off in a flood, and, to the end of the war which is rapidly completed, in desolations. 27. And one week shall establish the covenant with many: and in the midst of the week my sacrifice and drink-offering shall be taken away: and on the temple shall be an (b) abomination of desolations: and at the end of time shall an end be put to the desolation.”
When the captivity of the Jewish people at Babylon was near its end, the Archangel Gabriel, one of the holy ministers of God, appeared to Daniel as he prayed, and told him that the restoration of Jerusalem was to follow without the slightest delay, and he defines the period after the restoration by numbering the years, and foretells that after the predetermined time it will again be destroyed, and that after the second capture and siege it will no longer have (c) God for its guardian, but will remain desolate, with the worship of the Mosaic Law taken away from it, and another new Covenant with humanity introduced in its place. This was what the Angel Gabriel revealed to the prophet as by secret oracles. So then he says to Daniel”
Instead of, “For sin to be ended, and to seal up transgressions,” Aquila translated, “For ending disobedience, and for completing transgression.” I think that our Saviour’s words to the Jews, “Ye have filled up the measure of your fathers,” are parallel to this.”
“And the people of the governor that cometh will destroy the city and the holy place.” Meaning that the city and the Holy Place arc not only to be ruined by the leader to come, whom I have identified in my interpretation, but also by his people. And you would not be far wrong in saying, too, that the Roman general and his army arc meant by the words before us, where I think the camps of the Roman rulers are meant, who governed the nation from that time, and who destroyed the city of Jerusalem itself, and its ancient venerable Temple. For they were cut off by them as by a flood, and were at once involved in destruction until the war was concluded, so that the prophecy was fulfilled and they suffered utter desolation (400) after their plot against our Saviour, which was followed by their extreme sufferings during the siege. You will find an accurate account of it in the history of Josephus.”
“But after the prophecy of the events that happened to the Jewish nation in the intermediate period between the |135 seven and sixty-two weeks, there follows the prophecy of the new Covenant announced by our Saviour. So when all the intermediate matter between the seven and the sixty-two weeks is finished, there is added, “And he will confirm (b) a Covenant with many one week,” and in half the week the sacrifice and the libation shall be taken away, and on the Holy Place shall come the abomination of desolation, and until the fullness of time fullness shall be given to the desolation. Let us consider how this was fulfilled.” (Demonstratio Evangelica (Proof of the Gospel) ; BOOK VIII)
Origen (2nd Century)
Sulpicius Severus (403)
Symmachus The Ebionite (161-80)
Daniel had distinguished it from the rest, as the week, wherein the covenant was to be confirmed, and in the middle of which; tile old sacrifices were to lose their efficacy. We may call it the week of mysteries. In it JESUS CHRIST establishes his mission and doctrine, by numberless miracles, and afterwards by his death. This happened in the fourth year of his ministry, which was also the fourth year of the last week of Daniel; and after this manner is that great week found exactly interfered by the suffering of our Saviour.
Thus the computation of the weeks is easy to be made, or rather is done already. We have only to add to 453 years, which will be found from the 300th year of Rome, and 20th of Artaxerxes, to the beginning of the vulgar era, the 30 years of that era which we fee come down to the fifth year of Tiberius, and the baptism of our Lord ; these two sums will make 483 years : of the seven years which yet remain to complete 490, the fourth, which makes the middle one, is that in which which Jefus Christ died : and all that Daniel prophesied, is visibly contained within the term prescribed. There would even have been no necessity for so much exactness, nor does any thing oblige us to take in so strict a sense the middle marked by Daniel.” (Universal History, pp. 114,115)
F.F. Bruce (1971)
William Hales (1747-1831)
“27. During this one week, which ended about A.D. 34 (about the martyrdom of Stephen,) a new covenant was established with many of the Jews, of every class; in the midst of which the Temple sacrifice was virtually abrogated by the all-sufficient sacrifice of the Lamb of God that taketh away the sins of the [repentant and believing] world.”
Keil and Delitzsch Commentary
Cornelius a Lapide
Philip Mauro (1925)
Jim McGuiggan (1978)
Isaac Newton (1642-1727)
“Thus have we in this short Prophecy, a prediction of all the main periods relating to the coming of the Messiah; the time of his birth, that of his death, that of the rejection of the Jews, the duration of the Jewish war whereby he caused the city and sanctuary to be destroyed, and the time of his second coming: and so the interpretation here given is more full and complete and adequate to the design, than if we should restrain it to his first coming only, as Interpreters usually do. We avoid also the doing violence to the language of Daniel, by taking the 7 weeks and 62 weeks for one number. Had that been Daniel’s meaning, he would have said sixty and nine weeks, and not seven weeks and sixty two weeks, a way of numbering used by no nation.”
722 (cont.). Daniel 9:20. “Whilst I was praying with all my heart, and confessing my sin and the sin of all my people, and prostrating myself before my God, even Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, came to me and touched me about the time of the evening oblation, and he informed me and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee the knowledge of things. At the beginning of thy supplications I came to shew that which thou didst desire, for thou are greatly beloved: therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision. Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people, and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to abolish iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness; to accomplish the vision and the prophecies, and to anoint the Most Holy. (After which this people shall be no more thy people, nor this city the holy city. The times of wrath shall be passed, and the years of grace shall come for ever.)
“The street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after three score and two weeks,” (which have followed the first seven. Christ will then be killed after the sixty-nine weeks, that is to say, in the last week), “the Christ shall be cut off, and a people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary, and overwhelm all, and the end of that war shall accomplish the desolation.” (SECTION XI)
724. Predictions.–That in the fourth monarchy, before the destruction of the second temple, before the dominion of the Jews was taken away, in the seventieth week of Daniel, during the continuance of the second temple, the heathen should be instructed, and brought to the knowledge of the God worshipped by the Jews; that those who loved Him should be delivered from their enemies, and filled with His fear and love.
And it happened that in the fourth monarchy, before the destruction of the second temple, etc., the heathen in great number worshipped God, and led an angelic life. (SECTION XI)
William Whiston (1737)
“How general the reference of the prophecy then was to a future destruction of the city, appears from the express observation of Josephus, that even the zealots had no doubt of the correctness of this interpretation. The same interpretation is found also in the Babylonian and Jerusalem Gemarah.“ (P. 215.)
“See Bishop Lloyd’s Tables of Chronology, published by Mr. Marshall, on this year. Nor is it to be omitted, what year nearly confirms this duration of the war, that four years before the war begun was somewhat above seven years five months before the destruction of Jerusalem, ch. 5. sect. 3.” (Wars of the Jews, VI,II,1)
Zonaras (11/12th C.)
J. Marcellus Kik
“If the seventieth week were postponed we would still be in our sins!” (An Eschatology of Victory 108)
John Lightfoot (1654)
1. Seven sevens, or forty nine years, to the finishing of Jerusalems Walls.
The twenty seventh Verse therefore is to be read thus: He shall confirm the covenant with many in the one week, and in half that week he shall cause Sacrifice and Oblation to cease, &c. So that from this year to the death of Christ are four hundred ninety years; and there is no cause, because of doubtful Records among the Heathen, to make a doubt of the fixedness of this time, which an Angel of the Lord hath pointed out with so much exactness.” (Works, 1st. Ed., Vol. 1; Chronology, p. 136)
“[C]hrist now hath three years and a half to live, and to be a publick Minister of the Gospel, as the angel Gabriel had told, Dan. 9.27. that in half of the last sevens of the years there named, he should confirm the Covenant: R. Jochanan saith, Three years and an half the Divine Glory stood upon the Mount of Olives and cried, Seek the Lord while he may be found. Midr. Till. fol. 10. col. 4.” (Works, 1st. Ed., Vol. 1; Harmony, p. 10)
Samuel Lee (1849)
Todd Dennis (1995)
In his book “Daniel, Key to Prophetic Revelation,” John Walvoord cites Edward Young’s “The Prophecy Of Daniel”, which noted that Daniel used: “the masculine plural instead of the usual feminine plural. No clear explanation is given except that Young feels ‘it was for the deliberate purpose of calling attention to the fact that the word sevens is employed in an unusual sense.'” This word is found only FIVE times in the O.T., all in the 9th chapter of Daniel, twice in verse 24, twice in verse 25, and once in verse 26. Interestingly, Daniel’s verse 27 uses “shabuwa” (Strong’s 7620).”
However, if you examine a J.P. Green interlinear, you should find FIVE instances of the Hebrew word “shibiym” (“Strong’s” 7657), and TWO instance of “shabuwa”. According to “Strong’s”, “shibiym” is described as a “multiple [plurl] of 7651”, which is the word “sheba” in feminine gender and “shibah” in masculine gender. “
If I understand the contexts correctly, it appears that the first sixty-nine “shibah” are one chronology, and the seventieth “shabuwa” is a different chronology. It seems fairly obvious that the seventieth “shabuwa” is a seven-year period, and that the sixty-nine “shibah” are NOT. Nearly all commentators interpret all seventy periods of time as “shabuwa”, which totals to 490 years. Literal scripture does NOT support
My mansion is prepared;
There is the home, the rest I love,
And there my bright reward.
With Him I love, in spotless white,
All taint of sin shall be removed,
From “The Lord’s Coming”, Things New and Old, by C. H. Mackintosh.
What do YOU think ?
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Dispensational puzzler: The teaching goes that “Antichrist” makes a treaty with Israel for one week. In the beginning of this seven year period, they are permitted to worship in the temple, conducting animal sacrifices and all of that. In the midst of that seven years the Antichrist sets up the abomination in the temple, simultaneously ending the sacrifice and oblation. But Daniel 12:11 reads, “And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days.” Daniel has the end of the sacrifice taking place about three and a half years BEFORE the abomination is set up. This is one of many contradictions between Dispensationalism and the Bible. —— C.P.Machovsky ——- www.biblebits.com
There’s nothing puzzeling about it. The two events do occur at the same time; thus the word “and” rather than “until”. They both occur in the middle of the week and then there remains three and a half years of the 70th week. The preterist doctrine is impossible because they cannot explain Daniel’s prophecy of the 70 weeks! No matter how hard they try, preterists cannot make the numbers add up! It doesn’t matter where you start the time line, everyone agrees that the Lord’s death and the destruction of the city (Jerusalem) occurs after the 69th week. Preterists say they both occurred in the 70th week. But these two events occurred nearly 40 years apart! Thus they must either admit a gap in the middle of the week (which they say cannot be) or else cram 40 years into seven! Neither option will do. Therefore preterism is clearly a false theory. Incidentally, every other non-dispensational view has this same insurmountable problem.
Sorry, I had to correct Collin when he finds 5 shibiym and 2 shabuwa in Dan. 9:24-27. He has read the wrong vowels in. There are actually 1 shibiym, 4 shabuim and 2 shabuwa. The 1 shibiym should not be counted because it means simply “seventy”, not “weeks”; then shabuim is here the plural of shabuwa and both have the same meaning. The only reason he finds a distinction is that one means “weeks” (70, 62, 7) and one means “week” (1, 1/2). This is obvious looking at the vowels in the text, which after all begins “shabuim shibiym”, meaning “70 weeks”, not “weeks of weeks” nor, God forbid, “70 70’s”! As a covenantal premill tending to posttrib, I found Africanus very helpful in that he uses the math honestly, unlike many. He comes to very similar conclusions as Robert Anderson. However preterists have never answered Anderson’s power-packed math. (I’m going to use the Julian and Hillel II calendars as well as what Anderson assumed the date was called when it actually occurred.) Adjusting him slightly, there are 173,880 days (7x69x360) from Sun 16 Mar 445 (4 Nisan 3316) to Sun 6 Apr 32 (6 Nisan 3792, assumed 10 Nisan). Artaxerxes’ decree date is (early) Nisan in his 20th  in Neh. 2:1, and Jesus’ triumphal entry date is apparently 10 Nisan  implied in Ex. 12:3. Anderson finds evidence from lunar embolismic tables that indicates that Hillelite 6 Nisan was called 10 Nisan. Josh McDowell adjusts this by one year, as there are also 173,880 days from Mon 9 Mar 444 (6 Adar Sheni 3317, assumed early Nisan 3318) to Mon 30 Mar 33 (10 Nisan 3793). With this adjustment there is no lunar or Scriptural problem with either date. If the weather was good, Hillelite Adar Sheni would have been called Nisan. However, Anderson’s other great contribution was to find THE SAME PATTERN in Jeremiah’s 70 years with both dates stated precisely in Scripture. Again adjusting slightly (both Anderson and McDowell made minor math errors), from the siege of Jerusalem dated Sat 18 Dec 589 (11 Tevet 3173, assumed 10 Tevet as given in 2 Kings 25:1), to the blessing of Jerusalem dated Sat 16 Dec 520 (23 Kislev 3242, assumed 24 Kislev as given in Hag. 2:18-20), are exactly 25200 days, or 70×360. Since covenantal premills reject the basic tenet of dispensationals (separating Israel from church as two chosen peoples), I find it difficult to reserve the 70th week for an Israel-only future tribulation. However, since preterists have nothing resembling this exactitude of math, could Anderson be right to end the 69th week with the triumphal entry? If not, why would God permit EXACT DATES for 3 of these incidents (and an exact month for the 4th) to be known and to correspond so exactly to 360-day years? Just another trick up his sleeve? And of course this leaves the 70th week in complete limbo! Best wishes! email@example.com
McDowell’s date for Artaxerxes’ decree under Hillel’s calendar should be corrected to 6 Adar Sheni 3316, assumed early Nisan 3317. See how easy mistakes are! Also the Julian dating is of course New Style. firstname.lastname@example.org
To begin with, there is no “gap” between the 69th and 70th weeks of Daniel. “Until” and “and,” in this context, have the same meaning. If not, then Daniel would have stopped in the middle of his sentence, and essentially said nothing. The comma after “taken away” separates the two events by the given length of time: 1290 days. Daniels’ 70th week began immediately after the 69th week. Christ was anointed Messiah, and began His ministry. Ostensibly, He was to confirm the covenant to the many in Israel for seven years, at the end of which He would have set up the kingdom to the nation. But three and half years later He was crucified. The end of the seven years is not clearly defined in the Bible, because it was immaterial after Israel rejected and crucified Him. The nation had forfeited the kingdom. About 40 years later the days of vengeance prophesied by Isaiah, and foretold again by the Lord Jesus Christ in Luke 21:22, took place. C.P. Machovsky WWW.Biblebits.Com
Date: 15 Dec 2005
Thank God for this website and to all behind it. Now we have a website that allows for unbiased and non-indoctrinating presentation of Biblical positions by all denominations. Let the TRUTH shine on! Dr. Isabelo S. Alcordo, Ph.D. (Author: “Biblical History of Israel and the Kingdom of God.”)
Date: 23 Nov 2006
i would like to add soemthing very interesting to this whole daniel equation about the 70 weeks of daniel, at first i was futurist as taught in church then thought on the preterist thoery a great deal, and what i found on deep meditation over the years was that theres an obvious preterist truth simply because of the condition and spirit of the red letter of christ, he was all about coming to make a visitation on the people of israel matt23:35-36, that being daniels people and not gentiles as said in daniel 9:24.
my thinking cant seem to get over the fact theres something wrong with both the current thinking in futurist models and preterist thinking,i lean toward preterist because its clear that christ judged israel and said all those things would happen to that generation and it did according to historian josphus, and even christ said the abomination of desolation spoke of by daniel would be seen by some of the apostles matt.24:15. he addressed the apostles. not us!
bottem line is we have a issue with the real understanding of the weeks of years, the 62 weeks thing and 69 weeks thing has to be figured out before you can figure out the 70th week people!
Date: 04 Apr 2007
In response to the 62/69 weeks question, the 62 weeks comes after the first 7 weeks making 69 weeks.
However, there are several things that I can’t figure out regarding preterist theology.
If anyone can answer either of these questions, I greatly appreciate it.
Date: 31 Oct 2007
In the NKJV, vs 26 and 27 are written together as poetry. I took this as a key to consider them as Hebrew Parallel literature.
If you divide each of the 2 verses into 3 parts, beginning, middle and ending sections, then allow the parts of both verses to asymilate together, it is a narrative of the 70th week and the cause/effects of the things that happen in the 70 weeks…. i.e. the desolation.
End of 70 weeks, but not the end of the effects.
For the overspreading of abominations (I view this as the continued disbelief and rejection of Christ and the Apostles and the continued animal sacrifices which would now be a total abomination to God.) the people of the prince who is to come shall desolate the city and the sanctuary and its end will come as a flood.
Part 3, the desolations
Throughout the war till it’s end desolations will continue until the city and sanctuary are consummed. And that which is determined (the end of the people?) shall be poured out upon the desolate.
Date: 01 May 2009
I have recently been introduced to the theory that Genesis is not the creation of the physical earth, but is telling the story of God’s covenant with his people old and new. In reading Samuel Lee’s thoughts, he is in essence confirming that there is more to Genesis than we have been taught in the church. God says that He has told us the end from the beginning and I believe this to be true along with the fact that all was fulfilled as prophesied in 70 ad. S. Stepard
Date: 10 May 2009
I think that Daniel 9:27 speaks of the week of the Passover festival.This is the week that Jesus died on the cross for our sins…In the Gospel of Matthew,12:39-41,Jesus himself stated,that he would be in the heart of the earth,for 3 days and 3 nights…
According to the scriptures,the Lord died at 3:00 pm and was laid in a new tomb,before sundown.According to the scriptures a Sabbath day is from sundown to sundown…It is confirmed by all four Gospels that Jesus died on the preparation day of the Passover lambs,Matthew 27:62 and Mark 15:42 Luke 23;54 John 19:42 cf.1 Cor.5:7…
The preparation day was the middle(midst)of the festival week…The time of Passover and Unleaven bread,followed by the Seventh day sabbath of rest. Daniel 9:27 states that “he” Jesus,would confirm the Covenant with many for one week,that is “a literal” seven days…
As it is written,so it was…Jesus lay in the heart of the earth for the remainder of that same week, spoken of by Daniel,and rose again on the third day…Which was the day of Firstfruits,the first day of the week(Sunday)…
>From the beginning of the Lord’s ministry,Luke 3:23 and Mark 1:15.to the destruction of that temple in A.D 70,was 40 years…The people Israel,of that generation,were given this time by God to repent of of sin and believe the Gospel…Even after they rejected His Son and put him to death.
One of the most significant of all these things,is that this week spoken of by Daniel,was when the unbelieving Jews of that generation,were given the Messianic sign of Jonah,as promised by Jesus…
The time of his death,his burial and his resurrection,was foreordained by God to take place in this particular week.The Lord’s ascension back to Heaven,to receive his Dominion and a Kingdom was also prophesied in Daniel 7:13,14 cf.Acts 1:9… Here is proof that Jesus was Israel’s promised Messiah,the LORDS salvation,the Son of God…
The destruction of that temple,that took place 40 years after the beginning of the Lord’s ministry, signified this truth,but no only this truth…In the main,it signified that his given authority,to do all those things,that the Pharisees attempted to question him of,was given by God,his Father…
Truly,had the Lord came to rule over that nation and to be their king,he would have had the right to do just that…However,this was not why he had come.For he had came to save,that which was lost…
After Jesus’ death for sinners,and 40 days after his resurrection,he was taken up to Heaven in cloud, and brought before the throne of the ancient of Days…
At the appointed time of destruction of that temple,his authority to do all things,was woefully displayed…His coming in power and great glory, while NEVER physically and literally LEAVING Heaven itself,was the answer of where and whom his authority came,when their house(the temple)was destroyed…
For the scepter had passed from Judah,Genesis 49:10,at the birth of Shilo(Christ)and this too,was confirmed,by the gathering of the people unto to him in Jerusalem days before his death for sinners…Here again in is proof that he was the ONE to whom scepter belonged,Matthew 21:9…
For the prophecies of old,Genesis 49:10,Daniel 9:24-27 was confirmed by this same Gabriel,to the virgin named Mary,that the time of their fulfillment was at hand,Luke 1:32,32…
Jesus’ first appearance in that same temple that was built unto his coming,took place after 40 days after his birth…This again was proof that the scepter (right of rule) belonged to none other than Messiah the Prince,the Son of God…This is “he” whom confirmed the New Covenant with believing Israel,the church…
This is “he” whom the Covenant was dedicated with his own blood,Matthew 26:26-28…This was “he” the mediator and testator of the New and better Covenant…Made and confirmed in the temple(his body)not made by hands…This was Jesus of Nazareth…
Date: 10 May 2009
Perhaps,we have all been calculating the “seventy” incorrectly…This is why the numbers do not add up,and there seems to remain time or even a gap… I am and orthodox/historical Preterist…I am somewhat inclined to count the number of years of Daniel 9:24-27 historically,the way same that the 70 years of the captivity in Babylon was counted…
That is that from the coming of the Messiah(his birth)and his FIRST appearance in that same temple 40 days later,to the destruction of it in A.D.70, there are exactly 70 years…
We must indeed consider the Hebrew calendar,the extra month Adar Sheni,that is added every three years…We know that Christ was born before Herod died,in 4BC…So there may even be a reckoning,that this is the way that the “seventy” should be counted,that they are complete and without gap(s)of time…
Again,my thinking is that the last and final week spoken of by Daniel in 9:27 are the seven days,of the Passover festival…The Lord was crucified mid-week and for the remainder of that week(seven days)he was in the heart of the Earth.This makes that week complete,and the sign given was the Messianic sign of Jonah…Matthew 12:39-41.
In my opinion there were 40 years of which repentance was preached to the people Israel,before the destruction of that temple…Beginning with Jesus’ own ministry to them in “30”…
After the Lord’s ascension back to Heaven and his opening of the first seal Rev.6:2.the Gospel of salvation and of the coming earthly Kingdom of God,(one and the same Gospel)took off and spread through out the known world(the Roman world)as a rider upon a white horse…However,this same Gospel was preached continually in and to the people Israel…
I admit to having changing thoughts on this subject,and so i will say for now,that the destruction of the temple signified yet another thing,to this people Israel…That is the end of the “age” of God’s dealing exclusively with them…
In the past(sundry times)God spoke to them by the Prophets and in these last days,he spoke to them by his own Son and finally through the church,the “Israel” of God,Acts chapter 2…
So there is no future New Covenant with ethnic Israel.There presently no dual or standing Covenant with ethnic Israel.There is but one Covenant that is the New Covenant…The “seventy years” of Daniel ended with the destruction of the same that temple. There is no remaining week,or part there of seven years.There is only the reckoning of fulfillment time…
Date: 15 May 2009
The seventy weeks of Daniel should be counted the same as the literal seventy years of the captivity in Babylon.There were 70 years from the birth of Christ to the destruction of the temple in A.D.70. The week (7 days)that Daniel speaks of in 9:27 is the ” Holy week” of the Passover Festival.Jesus the Messiah confirmed the New Covenant with many during this week.He was in the heart of the for three days and three nights(three full Sabbath days)and Holy convocations.Jesus words to the Pharisees were fulfilled to the letter,as he promised they would be,Matthew 12:8,39,40.He spent the Passover, Unleaven Bread and the seventh
Also in this week we have the fulfillment of Genesis 49:10 Exodus 12:6 Leviticus 16:14,15 and Isaiah 53 and other prophecies related to Israel’s Feasts and Holy days.In the main Messiah’s birth, his death,his burial and resurrection was at the appointed time and were fulfilled to the letter of the law.